A hyperechoic liver lesion is a region on that liver that shows up on an ultrasound. This can be the result of a number of different conditions, some benign and some malignant.
Among the most common cause of a hyperechoic liver lesion and one of the benign conditions is a hepatic hemangioma. This is the most common type of benign tumor of the liver and the most prevalent type of liver tumor overall. The causes of are thought to be congenital, meaning a patient is born with it. According to the Mayo Clinic, a hepatic hemangiona usually is asymptomatic and does not require any treatment. However, if the tumor grows large enough and causes obstruction with other organs in the abdomen, treatment options include surgery to remove the tumor and procedures to stop blood flow to the tumor so it shrinks.
Other benign conditions that may be the result of a hyperechoic liver lesion include a hepatic adenoma, focal fatty change, and an inflammatory pseudotumor of the liver, according to Radiopaedia.org. Malignant conditions that may result in a hyperechoic liver lesion include hepatic metastases and hepatocellular carcinoma, the latter common in livers that have been diagnosed with cirrhosis. Both of these conditions are serious and require immediate treatment and intervention, according to the National Cancer Institute.Learn More
WebMD describes lytic lesions as weak areas of the bone. Also called osteolytic lesions, these lesions occur when multiple myeloma afflicts the body. Registered nurse Karen Raymaakers also notes that myeloma cells release chemicals that lead to bone breakdown. Dr. Sheeba Thomas at Everyday Health further explains that lytic lesions occur with other forms of cancer, including breast cancer, lung cancer and kidney cancer.Full Answer >
Healthline reports that a lesion on the spine is defined as scar tissue on the spinal nerves due to injury, inflammation or disease. The two types of spinal lesions are inactive lesions and active lesions. Spinal lesions are commonly associated with multiple sclerosis but aren't limited to that condition.Full Answer >
An ultrasound for the liver is the same type of abdominal ultrasound used to look at the baby in the womb of a pregnant female. A liver ultrasound requires the patient to lie on a table, have gel placed on the skin and have a wand moved over the abdomen.Full Answer >
According to Dr. West at Cancer Grace, a low-attenuation lesion is a spot that appears on a radiographic image as less dense than the surrounding healthy tissue in that specific organ of the body. For example, a low-attenuation lesion could appear as a result of imaging on the liver, pancreas, kidney or thyroid.Full Answer >