A variety of different intestinal worms afflict humans. Each type looks slightly different from the others. According to Scientific American, pinworms are the most common parasites that afflict people living in temperate areas. The adult female pinworm is very thin, tapered at both ends and about the length of a staple. At night, the females exit through the rectum of their host, and deposit eggs near their host’s anus.Know More
While most worms that sicken humans have the same general shape, they differ in other ways, such as their color or opacity. For example, as pictured on Scientific American’s website, Trichinella larvae are largely transparent, while whipworms are only partially transparent. Whipworms are very long, thin and strongly tapered at one end, which gives them the appearance of a cow whip, and led to their common name.
Roundworms are the most common intestinal parasite in the world, afflicting nearly 1.5 billion people living in the tropics annually. Roundworms grow quite large, and sometimes exceed three feet in length, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. According to ParasitesInHumans.org, tapeworms are flat, segmented worms with hooked heads. In rare circumstances, the worms can exceed 30 feet in length. Tapeworms cause intestinal distress in humans and must be treated with drugs.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
Following a colonoscopy, intestinal flora can be restored by taking both prebiotics and probiotics to re-establish a healthy level of gut flora, according to Gut Sense. By taking these oral supplements, a patient is effectively re-inoculating the large intestine with a new supply of bacteria to ease digestion and elimination.Full Answer >
Treatment for intestinal blockages varies depending on the type of blockage and severity: most cases require hospitalization, and common treatment includes intravenous (IV) fluids, nasogastric tubes and catheters. For severe cases and emergencies, doctors may perform surgery to remove obstructions. Less severe cases warrant stabilization, then prescription of dietary changes, such as following a low-fiber diet, which helps restore normal intestinal function and prevents future occurrences.Full Answer >
An intestinal virus, also known as viral gastroenteritis, produces symptoms such as abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting, watery diarrhea and a low-grade fever, as reported by Mayo Clinic. Some patients may also experience a low-grade fever with an intestinal virus.Full Answer >
Treatment for an intestinal blockage varies based on whether the obstruction is partial or complete, reports Mayo Clinic. However, treatment usually requires hospitalization. A partial obstruction may resolve itself with the addition of a low-fiber diet, but a complete obstruction may require surgery or other forms of intervention.Full Answer >