Long-term exposure to irritants, cigarette smoking and acid reflux are among the factors that can cause chronic laryngitis, according to Mayo Clinic. Excessive hoarseness or voice loss can also occur in singers who overuse their vocal cords or individuals with chronic sinus problems.Know More
Nodules or polyps that develop on the vocal cords, nerve damage or cancer can also cause chronic vocal loss, states WebMD. In certain cases, the vocal cords may naturally weaken with the aging process and lead to continual hoarseness. It is important for individuals with symptoms of laryngitis that last longer than two weeks to consult with a physician to ensure proper diagnosis and treatment. Hoarseness and laryngitis can also indicate yeast infections caused by long-term use of asthma inhalers, explains Healthline. Additional symptoms of laryngitis can include throat dryness, dry cough and a constant tickle in the throat.
Depending on the underlying cause, treatments for laryngitis can include increased intake of fluids, vocal therapy, salt water gargling, humidifier treatments and throat lozenges that promote lubrication of the throat, notes Healthline. Individuals with acute or chronic laryngitis may also benefit from corticosteroid treatments that help to minimize vocal cord swelling. Avoiding excessive amounts of alcohol, caffeine and cigarette smoke can help to keep the vocal cords healthy and prevent recurrence.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms
A swollen or partially swollen tongue can be caused by an allergic reaction to food or medications; bacterial infections; viral infections such as oral herpes; systemic iron deficiency; or exposure to irritants such as spicy foods and alcohol, according to Healthline. Other causes include dry mouth, burns and cuts.Full Answer >
Treatment for hoarseness includes resting the voice, taking cough suppressants and stopping smoking, as stated by MedicineNet. A humidifier is helpful, and in extreme cases when an underlying infection is present, a doctor can prescribe antibiotics. Hoarseness often resolves on its own.Full Answer >
Individuals who have lost their voice, a condition known as laryngitis, should try to talk as little as possible, run a humidifier in their home, drink plenty of fluids and avoid clearing the throat, as stated by WebMD. Most cases of laryngitis clear up within two weeks; if an individual's voice does not come back in that time, he or she needs to see a doctor.Full Answer >
The most common symptoms of vocal cord cancer, also known as laryngeal cancer, include hoarseness or changes in the voice, according to the American Cancer Society. Other indicators of laryngeal cancer include sore throat, trouble swallowing, ear pain and unknown lumps in the neck or throat, states WebMD.Full Answer >