According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, the cervix is approximately 1.6 inches long and projects less than 1 inch into the upper vaginal cavity. It is lowest region of the uterus. The cervix attaches the uterus to the vagina and provides a passage between the vaginal cavity and the uterine cavity.
The Encyclopedia Britannica states that the cervical opening into the vagina is called the external os. The endocervical canal is the cavity that runs the length of the cervix. The opening of the endocervical canal into the uterine cavity is called the internal os. The endocervical canal transports sperm into the uterine cavity, allows blood to escape from the uterus during menstruation and supplies mucus, which is a thick lubricating protein, to the female reproductive tract. The canal expands during childbirth.Learn More
Cervical polyps, small tumors in the cervix, are removed surgically in a physician's office without pain medication, according to Healthline. Following that, the base of the polyp must be eradicated.Full Answer >
A small cervix, sometimes called a "short" cervix, refers to a cervix that is less than three centimeters long during pregnancy. According to BabyZone, the length of the cervix during pregnancy should be greater than or equal to three centimeters.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, an abnormal Pap smear means that some of the cells on the cervix do not look normal. The causes for cervical cells looking abnormal can include human papillomavirus, bacterial or yeast infection or cervical cancer.Full Answer >
When looking at a diagram of the female reproductive system from the front, the uterus is in the middle between the two fallopian tubes and above the cervix and vagina, according to WebMD. It is shaped somewhat like an upside-down pear.Full Answer >