A light menstrual cycle can be caused by estrogen levels gaining balance, estrogen levels decreasing near menopause, an ectopic pregnancy, birth control hormones, eating disorders, stress, excessive exercising or low body weight, according to Everyday Health. It may also indicate thyroid or other gland problems or polycystic ovary syndrome. Light menstrual cycles also occur naturally with no underlying health issues.
The thickness of the endometrium determines the bleeding that happens during each period, according to Everyday Health. Estrogen creates the endometrium. Younger women have an irregular amount of estrogen, and estrogen levels decrease as older women reach menopause.
If a light menstrual cycle suddenly occurs, Everyday Health advises medical consultation. An accurate journal kept to be shared with a doctor is the most effective way to determine if a light menstrual cycle is natural or is a symptom of a condition such as a thyroid dysfunction, pituitary gland and hypothalamus issue or polycystic ovary syndrome.
Birth control methods such as the hormonal intrauterine device decreases the menstrual flow level by suppressing uterine lining growth, which is an expected and healthy symptom, according to Everyday Health.
Three to seven days of bleeding is normal, according to Everyday Health, and a full cycle can last from 21 to 35 days. What is considered a normal and light menstruation varies with each woman. A cycle that is always light or becomes light on a pattern may not be considered abnormal.Learn More
A period is what happens at the end of a girl's menstrual cycle, the body's process of preparing for a possible pregnancy. Girls begin having periods approximately monthly once they reach childbearing age, usually between 11 and 14 years.Full Answer >
Experiencing nosebleeds before menstruation is a rare but normal occurrence, reports Estronaut. In a process called vicarious menstruation, hormonal fluctuations cause the blood vessels in the nose to fill up, resulting in a nosebleed.Full Answer >
Abdominal cramps after a period has ended can be a sign of endometriosis, according to WebMD. Caused by uterine tissue growing outside of the uterus, endometriosis can cause cramping before and after periods as well as after urination, sexual intercourse or after bowel movements. Other causes for cramping after a period include fibroids, pelvic inflammatory disease and certain sexually transmitted infections, according to MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
A period can be about a week late before home pregnancy tests can accurately detect pregnancy, according to Central Carolina OB-GYN. If a woman is not pregnant, she may skip periods or have late periods for other reasons, notes pediatrician Jennifer Shu.Full Answer >