Purple or bluish discoloration of the lips could be caused by lack of oxygen in the red blood cells, according to Healthline. Discoloration can also indicate physical defects in red blood cells, such as sickle cell anemia.Know More
The medical term for bluish or purple lip discoloration is lip cyanosis. Lack of blood flow to the lips also results in the purple hue. This can be remedied by warming or massaging the affected area, according to Healthline. An underlying disease may be present if the lips remain blue despite warming. Diseases associated with lack of oxygenated blood supply include asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary edema, aspiration pneumonia or other forms of respiratory illness.
The underlying illness must be addressed in order to restore blood flow to the lips, according to Healthline. Health care professionals use a device called a pulse oximeter to quickly and simply measure the oxygen levels in the blood. Pulse oximetry measures the percentage of oxygen carried by hemoglobin cells. Acceptable percentages of healthy blood oxygenation for adults range from 95 percent to 99 percent, according to Wikipedia. Understanding the percentage of oxygen in the blood stream assists healthcare professionals in determining if oxygen therapy is necessary.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) syndrome is a regional pain condition characterized by a burning pain, tenderness, inflammation of an extremity, shiny skin, discoloration and flushing. Although the cause of RSD syndrome is not well understood, some experts believe that the excitation or irritation of nervous tissue leads to abnormal nerve impulses which in turn affect skin tissue and blood vessels, according to MedicineNet.Full Answer >
According to the Mayo Clinic, enlarged red blood cells, or macrocytosis, is a non-specific medical condition that has a number of different causes. Among the most common are vitamin B12 deficiency, folate deficiency, alcoholism, hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid) and liver disease. Other causes include increased red blood cell production secondary to acute blood loss or the side-effects of medications such as those used to treat cancer.Full Answer >
A low hemoglobin count, also known as anemia, is caused by pregnancy, a menstrual period, a diet low in iron, blood loss, or a disease that causes the body to produce fewer red blood cells or to destroy red blood cells. According to the Mayo Clinic, medications also sometimes cause anemia. These include antiretroviral drugs for HIV and chemotherapy drugs for cancer.Full Answer >
Macrocytosis is a medical term used to describe enlarged red blood cells, according to Mayo Clinic. This medical condition usually does not cause any symptoms, but it may be a symptom of an underlying disease or infection.Full Answer >