Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) caused by bacteria are curable. Some of the most common bacterial STDs include gonorrhea, syphilis and chlamydia. The general course of treatment for these STDs is antibiotics, according to the University of North Carolina, Greensboro.
Gonorrhea is a type of bacterial STD that is spread from contact via oral, vaginal or anal sex with a person who is infected with the disease. No secretions, semen or blood have to be exchanged in order for the disease to be spread. The symptoms of syphilis take a long time to show up, which makes it particularly damaging, since in its later stages, it can cause heart disease, nerve dysfunction and even death. The FREEDOM Network states that although syphilis is curable, if it is not caught early, the damage it causes is irreversible.
In contrast to bacterial STDs, STDs that are caused by viruses cannot be cured. Examples of incurable STDs include HPV, HIV, hepatitis and herpes. Although there is no cure for these STDs, the symptoms they cause can be alleviated with various treatments. There is also a vaccine for HPV that can eliminate the chances of contraction, but it must be administered prior to exposure. There are no vaccines for any of the other viral STDs as of 2014, according to the FREEDOM Network.Learn More
According to WebMD, because Trichomoniasis is usually asymptomatic in men, diagnosis is dependent on a lab exam of urethral fluid. Presence of the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis notes a positive diagnosis. When symptoms are present men can experience burning after ejaculation or urination, irritation inside the penis and a mild discharge.Full Answer >
Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, have been around for centuries. Syphilis and gonorrhea have been documented since the medieval time period according to the Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society. The Herpes-Cold Sores Support Network states that herpes has been documented since ancient Greece but most likely originated long before then. According to Avert, HIV may have transferred to humans sometime between 1884 and 1924.Full Answer >
High-risk HPV is a strain of HPV that causes abnormal cell changes and can lead to genital cancers. According to WebMD, two strains of high-risk HPV, types 16 and 18, cause 70 percent of all cervical cancers.Full Answer >
According to The Nemours Foundation, people infected with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) that causes mononucleosis can spread the virus for up to 18 months after symptoms disappear. The exact period of time is not known, but the virus eventually becomes dormant, causing neither symptoms nor contagion.Full Answer >