Some patients in the Mayo Health System have been on ventilators for more than five years as of April 2014, according to the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. Most patients only need a ventilator for a few weeks, but some may need a ventilator for years, notes MedlinePlus.Know More
Long-term ventilator patients are moved from hospitals to long-term care facilities. In rare cases, these people can go home, but this usually occurs if someone has a breathing hole in the neck rather than a ventilator tube through the mouth, explains MedlinePlus. A ventilator, otherwise known as a breathing machine or respirator, helps patients breathe when they cannot breathe on their own. A ventilator's breathing tube is inserted in the patient's mouth or through a small hole cut into the trachea through the neck. The machine is connected to a computer to allow health care professionals to make adjustments, and the ventilator sounds an alarm if something needs to be adjusted.
Most ventilator patients are sedated so they remain comfortable while using the device. People on a ventilator cannot talk, but they can write if they are strong enough to communicate. Some patients may be restrained so they do not pull out vital tubes accidentally, notes MedlinePlus. Doctors, nurses and respiratory therapists closely monitor ventilator patients for signs of lung infections.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
As of 2015, the mortality rate for patients with all stages of pancreatic cancer ranges from 86 percent to 99 within five years after diagnosis, according to the American Cancer Society. The survival rate typically depends on how quickly the cancer was diagnosed and treated.Full Answer >
About 75 percent of liver-transplant recipients are alive five years after the procedure, the American Liver Foundation reports. However, 78 percent of people who receive transplants from live donors reach the fifth-year anniversary because these patients are typically on waiting lists for shorter periods, states Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >
According to the Alzheimer's Society, the average life span for a patient with vascular dementia is around five years after symptoms begin manifesting. Oftentimes, the patient's death is caused by a stroke or heart attack.Full Answer >
As of 2015 the survival rate of a lung transplant after a year is over 80 percent and 50 percent for five years, but these rates vary by individual hospital. Because of this variance it is important to research hospitals carefully before having this procedure, claims Healthline.Full Answer >