Some patients in the Mayo Health System have been on ventilators for more than five years as of April 2014, according to the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. Most patients only need a ventilator for a few weeks, but some may need a ventilator for years, notes MedlinePlus.Know More
Long-term ventilator patients are moved from hospitals to long-term care facilities. In rare cases, these people can go home, but this usually occurs if someone has a breathing hole in the neck rather than a ventilator tube through the mouth, explains MedlinePlus. A ventilator, otherwise known as a breathing machine or respirator, helps patients breathe when they cannot breathe on their own. A ventilator's breathing tube is inserted in the patient's mouth or through a small hole cut into the trachea through the neck. The machine is connected to a computer to allow health care professionals to make adjustments, and the ventilator sounds an alarm if something needs to be adjusted.
Most ventilator patients are sedated so they remain comfortable while using the device. People on a ventilator cannot talk, but they can write if they are strong enough to communicate. Some patients may be restrained so they do not pull out vital tubes accidentally, notes MedlinePlus. Doctors, nurses and respiratory therapists closely monitor ventilator patients for signs of lung infections.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
After knee surgery, patients are moved into a recovery room for a couple of hours and then moved into a hospital room for a typical stay of two days, according to Mayo Clinic. In most situations, pain medications are prescribed to help control the pain and soreness that result from surgery.Full Answer >
Although the terms are often used interchangeably when talking about the medical device that makes it easier for patients to breathe, ventilators and respirators are two different things. According to the American Thoracic Society, mechanical ventilators are devices that deliver air into the lungs through a tube placed within the windpipe. A respirator, on the other hand, refers to a mask that filters harmful substances from the air.Full Answer >
Specific treatments for vascular dementia do not exist as of 2015, but FDA-approved medications for Alzheimer's patients can be modestly beneficial, states the Mayo Clinic. Among these are cholinesterase inhibitors, such as donepezil, that boost the level of a brain cell chemical messenger related to memory and judgement.Full Answer >
About 75 percent of liver-transplant recipients are alive five years after the procedure, the American Liver Foundation reports. However, 78 percent of people who receive transplants from live donors reach the fifth-year anniversary because these patients are typically on waiting lists for shorter periods, states Mayo Clinic.Full Answer >