According to the Mayo Clinic, the majority of people infected with the HIV virus experience flu-like symptoms within a month or two after the virus enters the body. This early stage of the illness is known as primary or acute HIV infection. The symptoms may include fever, chills, sore throat and joint and muscle aches. In some individuals, however, these early symptoms are very mild or aren't present at all.
After the initial symptoms, the HIV infection enters a latency stage that even without treatment may last 10 years or longer, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. During this period, most individuals are asymptomatic, and the viral count is lower than during the primary or acute phase. But eventually, if untreated, the HIV infection weakens the body's immune system to the point that the illness moves to its final and most deadly phase known as acquired immune deficiency syndrome, or AIDS. During this stage, the body often succumbs to opportunistic infections that a person with a healthy immune system is able to fight off. In the past two decades, the development of antiretroviral treatments have helped individuals infected with the HIV virus keep their viral counts low or undetectable and remain asymptomatic for longer periods. The goal of such treatment, according to the National Institutes of Health, is to suppress viral reproduction and thus keep the patient symptom-free.Learn More
AIDs.gov reports that the earliest stage of HIV is known as acute retroviral syndrome and often presents with flu-like symptoms. HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is a chronic virus that destroys a patient’s CD4 T cells over time. The virus is spread through bodily fluids and causes many early symptoms.Full Answer >
HIV test results recorded three months after exposure are not conclusive. The final results are determined by analyzing other important factors such as the lifestyle of an individual and the time interval between the tests, according to About.com.Full Answer >
According to Healthline, an HIV rash most commonly appears on the face and chest, although it can appear on any part of the body. The rash sometimes affects the feet and hands, and it can also cause oral and genital ulcers. About 90 percent of HIV patients develop a rash.Full Answer >
Ebola hemorrhagic fever, more commonly known as Ebola, is a viral infection that causes symptoms including high fever, unexplained bleeding or bruising, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pain and weakness, abdominal pain and severe headache. On average, these symptoms will appear 8 to 10 days after exposure to the virus, though according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), these symptoms can occur in as little as 2 days or as much as 21 days after exposure. Those who have reason to believe they have been exposed to the virus should be on the lookout for these symptoms, which are typically severe and may escalate, such as severe diarrhea that eventually becomes bloody.Full Answer >