According to Mayo Clinic, untreated tuberculosis can cause long-term damage in multiple parts of the body, including the bones, brain, liver, kidneys and heart. These areas are affected in addition to complications of the lungs. When tuberculosis spreads to other parts of the body, it exposes those areas to further infection and undermines their ability to function. Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes this contagious, but curable disease, according to Public Health England.Know More
Once tuberculosis reaches the bones, it can cause long-term destruction of joints, according to Mayo Clinic. TB in the bones can damage the ribs as well. TB also negatively impacts organ function. For instance, an affected liver or kidney loses optimal capacity to filter waste substances from the blood circulatory system. When TB infects the human heart, the organ's capacity to aid in blood circulation is substantially compromised. If TB penetrates the brain, it can cause meningitis: This condition can lead to death due to swelling of membranes around the brain and spinal column.
The United Kingdom's NHS explains that pulmonary TB affects only the lungs, and it can typically be treated using antibiotics, such as isoniazid and rifampicin. This treatment method requires a long-term, six-month course of medication. The medication is to be taken every day until completion of the prescribed dosage. This type of treatment works on other TB-affected organs as well, but may require a 12-month course of antibiotics. The NHS confirms that TB can result in death, if the lungs become too severely damaged to function properly.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune condition in which the body's immune system falsely attacks normal tissue of the skin, kidneys, joints, brain and other internal organs, according to MedlinePlus. There is no permanent cure for SLE. Cases of SLE that involve the internal organs require treatment from specialists.Full Answer >
Approximately 15 to 20 percent of people who contract hepatitis C recover with no long-term damage, and about 20 percent of hepatitis C sufferers develop cirrhosis of the liver over a 15 to 20 year period, according to Healthline. Other people find that symptoms clear up on their own.Full Answer >
Brain zaps are short, buzzing sensations, similar to electric shocks, that occur in the brain or head and extend to other parts of the body, according to Dr. Jean Pollack for Psychology Today. Brain zaps are a common side effect experienced by patients who stop taking certain medications.Full Answer >
Hardening of the arteries in the brain or other parts of the body is known as atherosclerosis, and it is typically caused by an accumulation of LDL cholesterol in the arteries, WebMD reports. Treatments may vary, but doctors usually prescribe cholesterol and blood pressure medications and recommend lifestyle changes.Full Answer >