According to Mayo Clinic, untreated tuberculosis can cause long-term damage in multiple parts of the body, including the bones, brain, liver, kidneys and heart. These areas are affected in addition to complications of the lungs. When tuberculosis spreads to other parts of the body, it exposes those areas to further infection and undermines their ability to function. Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes this contagious, but curable disease, according to Public Health England.Know More
Once tuberculosis reaches the bones, it can cause long-term destruction of joints, according to Mayo Clinic. TB in the bones can damage the ribs as well. TB also negatively impacts organ function. For instance, an affected liver or kidney loses optimal capacity to filter waste substances from the blood circulatory system. When TB infects the human heart, the organ's capacity to aid in blood circulation is substantially compromised. If TB penetrates the brain, it can cause meningitis: This condition can lead to death due to swelling of membranes around the brain and spinal column.
The United Kingdom's NHS explains that pulmonary TB affects only the lungs, and it can typically be treated using antibiotics, such as isoniazid and rifampicin. This treatment method requires a long-term, six-month course of medication. The medication is to be taken every day until completion of the prescribed dosage. This type of treatment works on other TB-affected organs as well, but may require a 12-month course of antibiotics. The NHS confirms that TB can result in death, if the lungs become too severely damaged to function properly.Learn More
Scarlet fever, if left untreated, can cause serious long-term complications including rheumatic fever, kidney disease, pneumonia, arthritis, throat abscesses, ear infections and skin infections, according to Healthline. These complications sometimes result in a lifelong disability, such as when rheumatic fever damages the heart. When appropriately treated with antibiotics, however, scarlet fever rarely causes long-term complications.Full Answer >
Long bones are found in the upper and lower extremities and provide the body with support, mobility and strength. They also produce red and yellow bone marrow, which is essential to the production of blood cells.Full Answer >
Although many viruses do not cause disease or harm, some viruses can attack cells and multiply, causing an infection within the body, according to Dr. Ananya Mandal with News Medical. The harmful effects of viruses can result in a cold, influenza or diseases such as polio, hepatitis or HPV warts.Full Answer >
According to Mayo Clinic, people get tuberculosis by coming into contact with bacteria in extremely tiny airborne droplets spread by people with active, untreated tuberculosis. Contact may occur through infected people coughing, sneezing, speaking, laughing or singing; however, tuberculosis is not easily transmitted.Full Answer >