According to Dr. West at Cancer Grace, a low-attenuation lesion is a spot that appears on a radiographic image as less dense than the surrounding healthy tissue in that specific organ of the body. For example, a low-attenuation lesion could appear as a result of imaging on the liver, pancreas, kidney or thyroid.
According to Cancer Grace, when a low-attenuation lesion appears stable over a long time frame, it can suggest something like a cyst or a collection of blood vessels in the organ. When a radiography indicates that new, low-attenuation lesions are appearing over time in a patient, the findings can be highly consistent with metastatic cancer. The growth of a low-attenuation lesion is also consistent with the development of metastatic cancer. Metastatic cancer means that cells from an original cancer site in the body have spread to a different location within the body.
According to a World Journal of Gastroenterology article published in July 2009, and displayed on the National Center for Biotechnology Information website, liver masses in patients without any symptoms are now easier to discover due to advance technology. Early detection increases with the widespread diagnostic use of ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, also known as an MRI.Learn More
A low hemoglobin count, also known as anemia, is caused by pregnancy, a menstrual period, a diet low in iron, blood loss, or a disease that causes the body to produce fewer red blood cells or to destroy red blood cells. According to the Mayo Clinic, medications also sometimes cause anemia. These include antiretroviral drugs for HIV and chemotherapy drugs for cancer.Full Answer >
Hair loss in women can be caused by hereditary factors; post-pregnancy conditions, particularly telogen effluvium; and autoimmune conditions such as lupus, an attack on healthy tissue, and alopecia areata, a self-attack on hair follicles. It is also caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome, iron deficiency anemia and skin diseases of the scalp, according to Winnie Yu from Prevention for ABC News.Full Answer >
Healthline reports that a lesion on the spine is defined as scar tissue on the spinal nerves due to injury, inflammation or disease. The two types of spinal lesions are inactive lesions and active lesions. Spinal lesions are commonly associated with multiple sclerosis but aren't limited to that condition.Full Answer >
WebMD describes lytic lesions as weak areas of the bone. Also called osteolytic lesions, these lesions occur when multiple myeloma afflicts the body. Registered nurse Karen Raymaakers also notes that myeloma cells release chemicals that lead to bone breakdown. Dr. Sheeba Thomas at Everyday Health further explains that lytic lesions occur with other forms of cancer, including breast cancer, lung cancer and kidney cancer.Full Answer >