Lupus is a chronic disease of the immune system that is not contagious. It can be triggered by various environmental factors, and there seems to be a genetic predisposition to the disease, but as the Lupus Foundation of America explains, it cannot be transmitted from person to person even with close contact.Know More
Lupus develops unpredictably in each patient and can be very difficult to diagnose. No known pathogen is responsible for the disease, and the only sense in which it "spreads" is vertically from parents to children through genetic inheritance. Many people with a family history of lupus never develop symptoms of the disorder, while others suffer outbreaks that range from mild to life-threatening, notes the Lupus Foundation of America.
According to Mayo Clinic, lupus outbreaks can be triggered by exposure to sunlight, inflammation that triggers an exaggerated immune response and certain medications. Medication likely to trigger lupus includes various anti-seizure drugs, blood pressure treatments and some antibiotics. Often, patients who show symptoms after beginning a course of these medications report that most or all of their symptoms go away after they stop taking the drugs. Despite the research done into lupus, much of the time, the environmental trigger that causes the disease to flare up remains unknown.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
People wear surgical face masks to prevent the spread of germs. In areas with extreme air pollution, people also wear face masks to protect from inhaling harmful particulates.Full Answer >
Giant cell arteritis, previously known as temporal arteritis, is a disease in which the immune system harmfully targets the temporal arteries and other blood vessels, according to the John Hopkins Vasculitis Center. The reasons behind why and when these blood vessels are attacked is unknown.Full Answer >
If left untreated, chronic stress can lead to health conditions like insomnia, anxiety, muscle pain, impaired immune system response and hypertension. Other symptoms of stress include dry mouth, allergy attacks, sweaty palms, stuttering, weight fluctuations, eating disorders, bruxism, chest pains and sweaty palms and feet, according to the American Institute of Stress.Full Answer >
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune condition in which the body's immune system falsely attacks normal tissue of the skin, kidneys, joints, brain and other internal organs, according to MedlinePlus. There is no permanent cure for SLE. Cases of SLE that involve the internal organs require treatment from specialists.Full Answer >