According to the Hormone-Refractory Prostate Cancer Association, "LY" on a blood test stands for lymphocytes. The number in the results represents the percentage of lymphocytes in the white blood count. Lymphocytes should count for 15 to 46.8 percent of white blood cells.
Lymphocytes are comprised of T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes. The HRPCa Association explains that T lymphocytes help detect and eliminate cancer cells and are vital in protecting the body against viral infections. B lymphocytes are white blood cells that transform into cells that produce antibodies. Lymphocytes are produced in the lymph nodes and spleen. In young children and adults, the thymus gland creates mature T lymphocytes. Low white blood cell count indicates a suppressed immune system.Learn More
According to the Mayo Clinic, a low white blood cell count usually is the result of a medical condition that disrupts the function of the bone marrow or destroys white blood cells. These include infections, congenital disorders, certain cancers, cancer therapies and certain drugs. According to the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that are counted in the total white blood count.Full Answer >
"AST" stands for "aspartate aminotransferase," one of the liver enzymes, according to Lab Tests Online. High levels of AST in the blood usually indicate acute liver damage, hepatitis, chronic liver disease or another type of problem with the liver.Full Answer >
The BMP, or basic metabolic panel, blood test is performed to test the body's blood acid and base balance, blood sugar levels and kidney function, according to MedlinePlus. The basic metabolic panel checks CO2 levels, BUN level, creatinine, glucose, serum chloride, serum sodium and serum potassium, notes MedlinePlus.Full Answer >
Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), according to MedlinePlus, is the measure of the hemoglobin content of red blood cells. Hemoglobin, found within the red blood cells, transports oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. The normal range for MCH is 27 to 31 picograms per cell. More than 31 picograms per cell is hyperchromic anemia, while less than 27 picograms per cell is hypochromic anemia.Full Answer >