The presence of bacteria in the urine indicates an infection of the urinary tract, bladder or kidneys, according to Summit Medical Group. Urine is typically sterile in healthy individuals; the presence of bacteria is a sign of infection whether the patient has symptoms or not. Because a woman's urethra is shorter than a man's, women are more susceptible to this type of infection than men.Know More
According to WebMD, a urinalysis test typically takes one to three days to complete, as the bacteria must be grown in a laboratory setting to be identified for treatment. A count of 100,000 bacteria or more per milliliter of urine is considered an infection, while a count lower than that is generally considered to be contaminated due to a poor collection sample. In this case, an additional sample may be required. A count of 100 or fewer bacteria per milliliter is considered to be uninfected and does not require treatment. This level of bacteria is also commonly present when a patient is already taking antibiotics to treat an infection.
In some cases, a patient may be asymptomatic, but still have a level of bacteria in the urine that indicates infection, according to Summit Medical Group. In this case, treatment is not necessary unless the patient is pregnant, needs a kidney transplant or has another serious medical condition.Learn More
Salkowski's test is used to detect cholesterol in a chlorophyll sample, according to Academic Medical Dictionary, and is named after Ernst Leopold Salkowski, a German biochemist. This test is also used to detect the presence of a chemical compound called an indole in certain plant species.Full Answer >
According to the Mayo Clinic, the pathophysiology of a urinary tract infection is that bacteria enter the urinary tract and start to multiply. This causes symptoms including a frequent urge to urinate and burning upon passing urine.Full Answer >
According to Mayo Clinic, a urinary tract infection generally develops when bacteria enter the urinary tract and begin multiplying. The most common urinary tract infections are cystitis, which affects the bladder, and urethritis, which affects the urethra.Full Answer >
According to Mayo Clinic, urinary tract infections are caused by bacteria entering the urinary tract through the urethra and multiplying in the bladder. WebMD states that these germs are found in the large intestine and therefore carry into stool. Having sex increases the chance of the bacteria entering the urethra, especially for women who have shorter urethras.Full Answer >