What does the medical term "CAD" stand for?
Credit:G.W. WillisOxford ScientificGetty Images
Q:

What does the medical term "CAD" stand for?

A:

Quick Answer

CAD stands for coronary artery disease, according to MedicineNet. Coronary artery disease is the blockage of one or more of the blood-supplying arteries in the heart. This is typically due to a hardening of the arteries.

 Know More

Full Answer

CAD starts when plaque, or hard cholesterol, builds in the artery, forming clots. Plaque clots impede the flow of blood through the artery. Coronary artery disease is a cause of death and illness. Symptoms of CAD include chest pain, heart attack and sudden death, according to MedicineNet. Treatments for coronary artery disease include balloon angioplasty, stent use in the arteries and bypass heart surgery.

Learn more about Cardiac Health
Sources:

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What causes atrial fibrillation?

    A:

    Mayo Clinic states that atrial fibrillation can be caused by high blood pressure, myocardial infarctions, abnormal heart valves, congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease or other conditions that affect the heart and lungs. Some people have atrial fibrillation with no clear underlying cause, often referred to as lone atrial fibrillation.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is Ischemic heart disease?

    A:

    Ischemic heart disease, also known as coronary artery disease, develops when the coronary arteries have narrowed due to the buildup of plaque inside the walls of the arteries, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine. This plaque buildup, or atherosclerosis, is a collection of cholesterol, proteins and collagen, and the buildup occurs slowly over time until the arteries cannot deliver oxygen and other nutrients to the heart, which is called ischemia.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is peripheral arterial disease of the legs?

    A:

    Peripheral artery disease, or PAD, causes reduced blood flow to the legs as a result of plaque buildup in the arteries, according to WebMD. As plaque increases, the arteries narrow.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What does a swishing sound suggest when auscultating a left carotid artery?

    A:

    The detection of a bruit, or swishing sound, when auscultating the left carotid artery suggests turbulence in blood flow through the vessel, which indicates stenosis or atherosclerosis, reports MedicineNet. The accumulation of plaque in the carotid arteries is a cyclic process, which causes increased pressure that causes further plaque buildup.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore