Q:

Why are my middle finger joints swollen?

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Quick Answer

Swollen middle finger joints can be attributed to a condition known as trigger finger, which is a type of tendonitis that has developed in the tendons that allow the fingers to bend according to Eaton Hand, the electronic textbook of hand surgery. Tendonitis is a result of the body's own tendency to collect fluids around the tendons and joints and may be caused and aggravated by repetitive or strenuous activities.

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Full Answer

When the tendon swells up, it interferes with the normal movement of the tendons, causing the joints to lock up. To treat this issue, patients can implement the "RICE" method, which involves resting, icing, compressing and elevating the affected finger.

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Related Questions

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    What causes swollen hands and tingling fingers?

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    Some medical conditions that cause swollen hands and tingling fingers are carpal tunnel syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis and gout. While carpal tunnel syndrome involves the median nerve at the wrist, gout and rheumatoid arthritis are types of arthritic conditions. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition where the median nerve is compressed at the wrist region, states the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

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    Why do the joints in your fingers lock up?

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    When fingers or the thumb lock up while bent, the condition is known as trigger finger; causes of the condition include repeated or forceful movements, gout, diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis, notes WebMD. Holding something firmly in a set position for a long time also causes joints to lock up.

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    What are conditions associated with the fingers?

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    Some conditions associated with the fingers are trigger finger, De Quervain's disease and Dupuytren's contracture. Trigger finger is a condition that causes one of the fingers to become locked in a bent position while De Quervain's disease is a condition that causes painful and swollen tendons, as related by the Cleveland Clinic. Dupuytren's contracture is due to thickening of the tissue layers in the palm of the hand that leads to a finger becoming bent, as explained by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

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    Is surgery necessary for a trigger finger?

    A:

    Surgery is not always necessary for a trigger finger, according to Mayo Clinic. In milder or less persistent cases, resting the finger, applying ice or heat, wearing a splint, and keeping the finger flexible with gentle exercises are often sufficient treatments for the trigger finger.

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