Up to 3 centimeters of dilation is considered early labor, and this phase of labor lasts from eight to 12 hours, according the American Pregnancy Association. During this phase contractions are typically mild and irregular.
During early stages of labor, the amniotic sac often ruptures, according to American Pregnancy Association. When the cervix is dilated from 4 to 7 centimeters, this phase is called active labor. As the transition occurs to active labor, contractions become closer together. This is typically the time that a woman heads to the hospital or birthing center. The transition phase is the final phase of labor and occurs when the cervix is 8 to 10 centimeters dilated.Learn More
A father can help in the delivery room by keeping the child's mother comfortable by rubbing her feet or back, providing her with ice chips and coaching her through hard contractions. Fathers can also help control who enters the birthing room and hold the mother's hand throughout the delivery process.Full Answer >
The side effects of getting an epidural include low blood pressure, headaches, spinal fluid leakage and backache, according to the American Pregnancy Association. A feeling of numbness in the lower half of the body and experiencing difficulty in urinating are other side effects of receiving an epidural.Full Answer >
According to Babble, when a pregnant woman is dilating, the cervix opens; as it continues to open, the woman is able to penetrate the area rather easily with her fingers. The cervix is compared to soft, puckered lips. A woman can sit on a toilet and place one leg up to reach the cervix. While reaching into a dilated cervix, it's not uncommon to feel the baby's head.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, the early signs of a miscarriage include vaginal bleeding, pain and blood clots coming from the vagina. While first-trimester vaginal bleeding is common during a normal pregnancy, bleeding with pain may indicate a miscarriage. Pelvic cramps, belly pain and a lower backache may also indicate a possible miscarriage. The American Pregnancy Association points out that weight loss and contractions are also possible signs of miscarriage.Full Answer >