The active ingredient in all aspirin on the market as of 2014 is a synthetic compound called acetyl salicylic acid. This is a derivative of the compound salicin. Plants and trees, most notably the willow tree, naturally produce salicin.
Synthetic aspirin was first discovered by a German chemist named Felix Hoffman in the year 1897. For many years before this discovery, salicin, the naturally occurring form, was used to treat fevers and relieve pain. Because the natural salicin compound irritated the lining of the stomach and mouth, it rarely was prescribed for treating ailments. Hoffman remedied this problem when he discovered how to artificially synthesize salicin, and he began to commercially produce aspirin.
As early as the year 400 B.C., willow tree extract was used by the Greeks for medicinal purposes. Famous Greek philosopher Hippocrates prescribed a drink made with willow tree extract to help mothers with labor pains. In the year 1763, an English reverend named Edward Stone conducted the first scientific study on the extract. He gave ground willow tree bark to 50 people suffering from rheumatic fever, recorded the results of the experiment and proved that the bark helped to lower fevers and stop pain and inflammation.Learn More
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Adults may take valerian one to two hours before sleep. It can be taken up to three times a day, with the final dose soon before bedtime, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.Full Answer >
According to the American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology, allergy shots, or immunotherapy, are a long-term treatment to reduce symptoms of allergies for patients with allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, conjunctivitis or stinging insect allergy. WebMD explains that although allergy shots may not cure allergies completely, they decrease the amount of reactions that occur.Full Answer >
Clotrimazole cream USP 1 percent is used to treat dermal bodily infections, including vaginal and mouth infections, and skin infections such as ringworm, jock itch and athlete's foot, according to MedlinePlus. The cream is applied to clean, dry skin several times a day for eight weeks or as directed by a physician. It is available in both prescription and over-the-counter topical formulations from numerous drug manufacturers.Full Answer >