The active ingredient in all aspirin on the market as of 2014 is a synthetic compound called acetyl salicylic acid. This is a derivative of the compound salicin. Plants and trees, most notably the willow tree, naturally produce salicin.Know More
Synthetic aspirin was first discovered by a German chemist named Felix Hoffman in the year 1897. For many years before this discovery, salicin, the naturally occurring form, was used to treat fevers and relieve pain. Because the natural salicin compound irritated the lining of the stomach and mouth, it rarely was prescribed for treating ailments. Hoffman remedied this problem when he discovered how to artificially synthesize salicin, and he began to commercially produce aspirin.
As early as the year 400 B.C., willow tree extract was used by the Greeks for medicinal purposes. Famous Greek philosopher Hippocrates prescribed a drink made with willow tree extract to help mothers with labor pains. In the year 1763, an English reverend named Edward Stone conducted the first scientific study on the extract. He gave ground willow tree bark to 50 people suffering from rheumatic fever, recorded the results of the experiment and proved that the bark helped to lower fevers and stop pain and inflammation.Learn more in Medications & Vitamins
Plant extracts containing the active ingredient in aspirin have been used medicinally since at least 400 B.C., but the modern drug known as aspirin was first developed and patented by Bayer, a German pharmaceutical company. Bayer coined and trademarked the name "Aspirin."Full Answer >
WebMD explains that aspirin is a salicylate, which is an NSAID. Aspirin is used to reduce fever and pain from various conditions, including muscle aches, headaches, toothaches and the common cold. Aspirin may also be used to mitigate pain and swelling from arthritis.Full Answer >
Bayer aspirin is made of the active ingredient aspirin, plus several inactive ingredients, notes the U.S. National Library of Medicine. The over-the-counter medication acts as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory and temporary pain reliever for minor aches and pains.Full Answer >
Aspirin works by preventing the human body from producing prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are natural chemicals with many roles in the body, including sending pain messages to the brain, causing blood to clot and keeping the stomach lining thick and healthy.Full Answer >