Nordiazepam is a benzodiazepine and one of three metabolites of diazepam commonly used to treat anxiety, seizures and other medical conditions, according to Practical Pain Management. Diazepam is the generic name for the drug often sold as Valium. Since diazepam is the “parent” drug, nordiazepam frequently appears on toxicology reports regarding both nordiazepam and diazepam use.Know More
Practical Pain Management explains that diazepam is metabolized into two primary metabolites, one of which is nordiazepam. This is the primary urinary metabolite which is then metabolized further into oxazepam. Temazepam is the second of the primary metabolites and is also metabolized into oxazepam. A patient frequently taking diazepam will show all three metabolites. They are usually detectable in a urine screening for two to seven days.
Benzodiazepines have muscle-relaxant, sedative, anti-convulsant, hypnotic, amnesiac and anxiolytic effects. They are prescribed in tandem with opioids to treat chronic pain. This method of prescription has been shown to provide greater relief from chronic pain, but does increase a patient’s risk of overdose. According to ABC News, benzodiazepines are fast-acting and patients usually respond after the first few doses. This is one of the reasons they are often used to treat those who need quick symptom relief. While they are generally well tolerated, benzodiazeprines are known to cause sedation and possible dependence on the drug. Patients are advised to cease the medication slowly and under the care of a physician, as symptoms from sudden withdrawal can be severe.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
Clotrimazole cream USP 1 percent is used to treat dermal bodily infections, including vaginal and mouth infections, and skin infections such as ringworm, jock itch and athlete's foot, according to MedlinePlus. The cream is applied to clean, dry skin several times a day for eight weeks or as directed by a physician. It is available in both prescription and over-the-counter topical formulations from numerous drug manufacturers.Full Answer >
Hydrocortisone valerate cream is used to reduce the swelling, itching and redness associated with skin conditions such as eczema, dermatitis, allergies and rashes. Hydrocortisone valerate cream is a corticosteroid that is formulated for use on the skin only.Full Answer >
Penicillin is used to treat infections that are caused by bacteria; generally, infections treated with penicillin are caused by Gram-positive organisms, according to Medical News Today. Penicillin can also be used to treat a range of infections, including strep throat, tonsillitis and scarlet fever as stated by WebMD.Full Answer >
Beta-blockers are used in the treatment of abnormal heart rhythms, congestive heart failure, high blood pressure and chest pain, according to the Texas Heart Institute. For people with a history of heart attack, beta-blockers are also used to prevent additional heart attacks.Full Answer >