Bleeding after the end of a woman's menstrual cycle is not considered normal and requires medical attention, according to Healthline. Healthy periods range between two and seven days and a woman should not produce blood outside of that duration. Possible causes include a miscarriage, infection, thyroid imbalances, an ectopic pregnancy and uterine fibroids.
Some long-term forms of birth control inserted into the uterus can cause atypical bleeding, notes Healthline. Sexually transmitted diseases may generate internal inflammation that disrupts a woman's normal cycle and creates spotting. Serious causes of non-cyclical bleeding include cancer of the uterus, cervix, vagina or ovaries. Doctors can assess a patient's full range of symptoms and medical history to determine possible causes of unexpected bleeding.
A doctor is also likely to perform a physical examination of a patient's pelvis and may order blood work or perform a biopsy of the cervix for further testing. Ultrasounds can also be performed to examine a woman's reproductive organs for growths or abnormalities. Some women see their vaginal spotting clear up in a matter of time without treatment but are encouraged to avoid taking aspirin, as this can cause additional bleeding. Abnormal bleeding accompanied by dizziness, fever, pain or lethargy constitutes a medical emergency and should be treated immediately, explains Healthline.Learn More
Black period blood is usually just a sign that old blood is leaving the uterus toward the end of a woman's menstrual cycle, according to WebMD. It is likely not a cause for concern but can indicate in some cases that a woman has an enlarged uterus or menstrual obstruction.Full Answer >
Prolonged menstrual periods can be caused by a variety of factors, such as hormonal fluctuations, benign tumors in the uterus and bleeding disorders, according to Healthline. It's important for women with prolonged menstruation to consult with a physician, as heavy bleeding can cause iron depletion and lead to anemia.Full Answer >
Dark red period blood is likely not a cause for concern and simply indicates that a woman is nearing the end of her menstrual cycle, and her blood is leaving her body more slowly, according to WebMD. Dark red blood indicates that the uterine lining is old and less oxygenated.Full Answer >
A period that lasts for only two days is considered on the low end of the spectrum, but is still thought of as normal and does not necessarily constitute a medical concern, according to Cleveland Clinic. The most common period duration is between three and five days.Full Answer >