It is important to NPO, or fast before a surgery, in order to prevent the risk of choking while in surgery. NPO stands for a Latin term, "nil per os," which means nothing by mouth.Know More
During surgery and the anesthesia process, there is the chance that a person could inhale and move stomach contents into their lungs. This could result in choking and even death.
The number of hours that one must fast prior to surgery depends on age and type of food. Adults, for example, should not eat a normal meal within 8 hours of surgery. They should not drink clear liquids for 2 hours leading up to the surgery.Learn more about Diagnostics & Imaging
Preparing for prostate biopsy includes stopping medications that elevate the risk for bleeding, performing a cleansing enema at home ahead of the appointment and taking antibiotics an hour before the biopsy to stave off infection, according to Mayo Clinic. Warfarin, ibuprofen, aspirin and some herbal supplements make bleeding more likely.Full Answer >
As of 2015, the cause of colic is the subject of some debate, although mothers who smoke during pregnancy or postpartum elevate their babies' risk, notes BabyCenter. Some experts accredit colic outbursts to sensitivity and overstimulation in some babies, and others blame faulty balance in intestinal bacteria.Full Answer >
A high PSA score can indicate a risk for prostate cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute. PSA is a certain type of protein produced by the prostate gland.Full Answer >
Laparoscopic surgery, or minimally invasive surgery, is a specialized technique in which surgery is performed with the aid of a video camera and thin instruments, according to the Center for Pancreatic and Biliary Diseases. The camera and instruments are placed through incisions up to half an inch in size.Full Answer >