A nursing care plan for a patient with abdominal pain includes an overall assessment with a focused interview, visual inspection, auscultation, palpation and percussion, according to iStudentNurse. The care plan requires testing such as a complete blood cell count, metabolic panel and stool output grading.Know More
After assessment of the abdominal area, the nursing care plan often calls for testing to identify the cause of the pain, such as an ultrasonography, computed tomography scan of the pelvis and abdomen or a colonoscopy. Some patients may also need a fecal occult blood test and stool specimen to determine a presence of blood in stool, explains iStudentNurse.
Data collection during testing and assessment includes questioning the patient about gastrointestinal disturbances, personal medical history, family history of colorectal cancer, bowel functions and dates and times of the last bowel movement, notes iStudentNurse. The nursing care plan should also include an inspection of any umbilical bulges, masses or enlarged organs; potential signs of pregnancy or tumors; and dilated veins or obstructions within the abdomen. An assessment of pain and pain management techniques is also a crucial element of the care plan to ensure patient comfort. The care plan should include notations about any abdominal guarding from the patient and observations of the patient's pain level.Learn more in Pain & Symptoms
Medication is used to treat abdominal pain caused by ulcers, GERD or inflammation, while abdominal pain from a hernia or appendicitis may require surgery, according to WebMD. Abdominal pain due to infection may be treated with antibiotics, while food-related abdominal pain can be remedied by avoiding the problem food.Full Answer >
According to Nurseslabs, there are multiple care plans available to treat different complications related to bronchial asthma. Plans require the nurse to adequately hydrate the patient, encourage deep-breathing and coughing exercises, reinforce a low-salt and low-fat diet, demonstrate diaphragmatic and pursed-lip breathing and assist the patient in administering medication through a nebulizer. Nurses are advised to avoid topics that irritate or upset the patient.Full Answer >
According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, creating a nursing care plan for falling risks should include these factors: a patient’s history of falls, the current risk of falling (medications and environmental factors are some considerations) and a clear procedure to follow in case of a fall. Such a plan should also include post fall evaluations.Full Answer >
Severe lower back pain may be indicative of a number of conditions varying in degrees of seriousness. WebMD recommends that people experiencing severe pain that is not alleviated by rest or pain medication should start with a visit to a primary care doctor.Full Answer >