Asthma is a respiratory illness that affects the lungs, trachea and bronchial passages. An asthma attack occurs when the respiratory system, collectively known as the airways, constricts and prevents oxygen from flowing freely into the body, according to Dr. Miles Weinberger, professor of pediatrics at University of Iowa Children's Hospital.Know More
The trachea is a long air tube leading from the neck to the upper chest cavity where it bisects to form the left and right bronchi. Each bronchus forks into several tiny passageways, or bronchioles, that deliver air to small sacs in the lungs known as alveoli. A smooth muscular lining runs throughout the airways and contains a membrane that produces mucus, which normally helps the respiratory system prevent the spread of bacteria in the lungs, says Dr. Weinberger.
During an asthma attack, the muscular lining swells or tightens, causing labored breathing, and the mucus membrane produces excess fluid, filling up the narrow airways, notes the American Lung Association. An asthmatic's respiratory organs are sensitive to specific stimuli, such as dust, pet dander, smoke or cold weather. Untreated or incorrectly managed asthma can lead to long-term respiratory damage from repeated inflammation. When the respiratory system is permanently scarred, medications lose their effectiveness and the lungs may not be able to distribute air sufficiently.Learn More
Dr. Andrew Weil reports that natural treatments for fibromyalgia include getting plenty of exercise, establishing regular sleep habits and practicing relaxation techniques. While several medications are prescribed to help deal with the pain of fibromyalgia, these natural therapies are often helpful for reducing many of the symptoms. Using alternative therapies such as acupuncture and massage can also help to relieve pain and other systemic conditions.Full Answer >
When recovering from pneumonia, NHS Choices advises patients to take antibiotics as directed by their physicians, drink plenty of fluids and get lots of rest. Patients may take over-the-counter pain medications to alleviate pain and fever, but taking cough medicine is not recommended because coughing helps clear mucous from the lungs. Patients who smoke should refrain from doing so and attempt to quit.Full Answer >
Handling a knee replacement involves pushing through a great deal of initial incapacitation, pain and following a protracted schedule of recovery through physical therapy, according to MedicineNet.com. Having emotional and logistical support from family and friends goes a long way toward finding healing and recovery.Full Answer >
Autoimmune diseases are disorders that occur when the immune response acts against the healthy tissues in the body by mistake. There are more than 80 disorders that occur due to this action, as stated by MedlinePlus.Full Answer >