According to the Center for Menstrual Disorders and Reproductive Choice, ovarian cysts range in size from small to large and are similar in appearance to minuscule balloons. Functional ovarian cysts are considered a normal part of the ovulation process. The cysts develop on the ovaries during ovulation and typically rupture on their own. Pathological ovarian cysts are considered abnormal and usually require medical treatment.Know More
WebMD explains that types of nonfunctional ovarian cysts include dermoid cysts, cystadenomas and endometriomas. Dermoid cysts often contain skin cells, hair and teeth. Cystadenomas develop on the external cells of the ovaries and typically contain fluid. Endometriomas are painful cysts that present on the uterine linings in women who suffer from endometriosis.
Mayo Clinic notes that ovarian cysts are common and many types of cysts do not cause painful symptoms. However, ruptured or large cysts can cause symptoms such as nausea, bloating, bladder distension, difficulty when urinating, swollen breasts, painful bowel movements and back pain. Mayo Clinic also explains that it is important for women to seek immediate medical attention if they experience abrupt symptoms such as intense pelvic pain, vomiting or fever, as well as symptoms of shock that include weakness, accelerated breathing and dizziness.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy
Symptoms of a large ovarian cyst include a dull ache in the pelvic area that may radiate to the thighs and lower back and pelvic pain at the very beginning and end of a menstrual period, says Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms are painful intercourse and pain when moving the bowels.Full Answer >
A complicated, or complex, ovarian cyst consists of a sac on or inside of the ovary that contains both fluid and solid components, according to EmpowHER. The solid contents distinguish complex ovarian cysts from simple ovarian cysts, which are only filled with fluid.Full Answer >
After a laparoscopy for an ovarian cyst, patients can resume normal activities within a day, according to WebMD. Patients should avoid exercise and strenuous activity for approximately one week following the surgery.Full Answer >
Ovarian cysts are sacs or pockets in the ovaries that are filled with fluid, reports Mayo Clinic. A lot of women develop ovarian cysts in their lifetime, and most of these cysts are harmless and disappear on their own.Full Answer >