An infection of the ovaries, fallopian tubes or uterus is called pelvic inflammatory disease, according to WebMD. Most often caused by sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, pelvic inflammatory disease is a leading cause of pelvic pain in women.Know More
According to WebMD, pelvic inflammatory disease is characterized by symptoms including pain during intercourse, fever, irregular menstrual bleeding, a vaginal discharge that may have an odor, diarrhea, difficulty urinating, fatigue and vomiting. Pelvic inflammatory disease is diagnosed following a pelvic exam, lab work, an ultrasound or a laparoscopy. During a pelvic exam, a doctor looks for lumps and tenderness in the pelvis, while lab work can identify the presence of an infection using blood, urine or vaginal discharge. An ultrasound takes an image of the pelvic area to confirm a diagnosis and check for abscesses, and a laparoscopy involves inserting a scope into the abdomen to confirm a diagnosis.
Antibiotics are the best treatment to stop infections caused by pelvic inflammatory disease, according to WebMD. Any sexual partners should also be treated with antibiotics at the same time to prevent re-infection. Antibiotics kill the bacteria causing the infection, but cannot reverse any damage done to the reproductive organs caused by an untreated infection.Learn more about Women's Health
The most common cause for spotting and cramping after ovulation is implantation bleeding, or the process of a fertilized egg attaching itself to the wall of the uterus, according to WebMD. It can also signify pregnancy problems, such as an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage, or can simply be the body's natural response to ovulation, as stated by the American Pregnancy Association.Full Answer >
Physicians diagnose uterine fibroids by taking a history of symptoms and menstrual periods and performing a pelvic exam to assess the size of the uterus, according to WebMD. An ultrasound or other type of test may be ordered to determine the size and location of the fibroids.Full Answer >
A hysterectomy is a surgery in which a woman's uterus is removed, according to WebMD. There are several types of hysterectomies, including a total hysterectomy, in which the entire uterus and cervix are removed, and a subtotal hysterectomy, in which only the upper part of the uterus is removed.Full Answer >
The organs of the female anatomy include the cervix, vagina, uterus, ovaries and the Fallopian tubes. As part of the female reproductive system, these organs produce the female egg cells, which are called ova or oocytes, that are necessary for reproduction to occur and transport the cells to the fertilization site.Full Answer >