According to a Cornell University Web page, the Pap smear, or Pap test, is named after Dr. Papanicolaou, known as Dr. Pap, who became a member of the university's Department of Anatomy in 1914. Papanicolaou developed the Pap smear.
This source explains that by 1946, the Pap smear gained traction in hospitals and began to be used as a method of detecting cervical cancer. The Pap smear was beneficial not only in detecting this cancer but also in detecting vaginal cancers and cancers of the endometrium and the fallopian tubes. The Pap smear has contributed to the dramatic reduction in the death rate of cervical cancer patients since the 1940s. At the time of the Pap smear's introduction, cervical cancer killed more women than any other illness.Learn More
A pap smear is not expected to hurt, but some women have reported that they sometimes cause discomfort and pressure, as stated by Kidshealth. A pap smear is a procedure that is used to find out if there is any problem in a woman's cervix.Full Answer >
A woman reaches reproductive maturity when she experiences her first menstruation, which includes the shedding of the inner-lining of the uterus. This first period occurs during puberty, and at this time, a woman's egg can be fertilized by sperm, and she can reproduce. In men, the first signs of reproductive maturity include enlargement of the testicles and penis, a surge in testosterone and the production of sperm, explains MedicineNet, Inc.Full Answer >
Possible causes of large quantities of vaginal discharge include the use of antibiotics or birth control pills, ovulation, sexual arousal, diabetes, vaginitis, yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis and certain sexually transmitted infections, explains BootsWebMD. Gonorrhea and chlamydia are two sexually transmitted infections that can cause a woman to experience abnormal discharge.Full Answer >
A grade 3 placenta is marked by the 39th week of pregnancy up to the due date, significant shadowing on the ultrasound and complete indentations of the chorionic plate known as cotyledons, according to LearningRadiology.com. A premature grade 3 placenta may be caused by smoking, hypertension and diabetes.Full Answer >