Parenchymal liver disease affects the actual liver cells directly instead of those of supporting tissue, such as the bile ducts. According to Dictionary.com, the word "parenchymal" is an anatomical term that refers to the "specific tissue of an animal organ." According to the Mayo Clinic, many conditions cause this type of liver damage, including cirrhosis, hepatitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.Know More
The liver is the largest solid organ in the body, and it performs many complex functions, according to MedicineNet. It produces important proteins, aids in digestion, helps blood to clot, and metabolizes cholesterol and glucose. Additionally, it aids in the removal of toxins from the digestive tract and the blood. Accordingly, when the liver becomes diseased from any cause, a number of symptoms result. These include nausea, vomiting, weight loss, fatigue, jaundice and pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. Usually, about 75 percent of liver function must be lost before liver function is affected and symptoms appear.
Alcohol abuse is the number one cause of liver disease in the United States, according to MedicineNet. Alcohol is toxic to liver cells, and chronic alcohol abuse causes inflammation, or alcoholic hepatitis, and eventual scarring of the liver, or cirrhosis, which causes the liver to fail. However, drugs such as acetaminophen and cholesterol-controlling drugs known as statins may also cause liver disease, especially in people who drink alcohol. Additionally, viral hepatitis causes inflammation of liver cells and may also lead to liver failure.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
High bilirubin test results may be indicative of blood disorders or impaired liver function, such as liver disease or blocked bile ducts. Too much bilirubin, or hyperbilirubinemia, in newborn babies can cause brain damage, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
After gallbladder surgery, the bile produced by the liver is no longer stored in the body but drains directly into the small intestine, causing loose stools. Living without a gallbladder does not cause major disadvantages for most people, but foregoing surgery often causes complications, according to PubMed Health.Full Answer >
A bile duct dilates when an obstruction forms inside it and the duct has to expand to allow bile to travel among the liver, gallbladder, pancreas and small intestine. The first signs of a dilated bile duct range from abdominal pain to dark urine and jaundice, according to Healthline.Full Answer >
Cirrhosis is the irreversible scarring, or fibrosis, of the liver and comprises a late stage in liver disease, explains Mayo Clinic. Advanced cirrhosis leads to liver failure which is life-threatening. Cirrhosis cannot be reversed once it occurs, but future damage can be limited if the underlying causes are identified and treated. The stages of liver disease are inflammation, fibrosis, cirrhosis and liver failure, according to the American Liver Foundation.Full Answer >