Penicillin treats different illnesses by preventing the spread of bacteria, according to MedicineNet. It treats such ailments as middle ear infections, laryngitis, bronchitis and urinary tract infections.Know More
MedicineNet mentions that penicillin is a mold that hampers bacterial growth. It was discovered in 1928 and was an effective medicine for soldiers during World War II. Since then, penicillin has been synthesized for intestinal absorption and to fight more infections. Wikipedia mentions extended-spectrum penicillin, which is the most effective type of penicillin for treating a broader range of diseases.
MedicineNet adds that penicillin does not kill bacteria but prevents them from dividing and forming protective cell walls. Since bacteria cannot survive without cell walls, they usually die from being unprotected. Penicillin can be taken in the form of injections, chewable tablets or capsules, and the dosage varies on the patient. Penicillin levels in the blood increase with the aid of probenecid, which slows down the kidney's ability to expel penicillin. It is also used so a lower amount of penicillin results in high blood levels.
MedicineNet claims that penicillin is considered safe to use for pregnant women, but it can get into the mother's nursing milk, which may result in allergic reactions or diarrhea in infants. However, it is used to treat infections in newborns. General side effects of penicillin include itching, vomiting, insomnia and rashes.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
Penicillin VK 500 is used to treat bacterial infections such as syphilis, strep throat, pneumonia, pharyngitis, gingivitis, rheumatic fever and bacterial endocarditis, according to Drugs.com. Common side effects of this drug include headaches, vaginal discharge or itching and sores along the tongue or mouth.Full Answer >
Although penicillin does not necessarily go bad, it should not be taken past its expiry date as it will lose effectiveness with time, according to Mayo Clinic. When doctors prescribe penicillin, patients need to take the full course of the antibiotics to clear up the infection completely. If a dosage is missed, the patient should take it as soon as possible but should not double the dose.Full Answer >
Penicillin comes from molds of the genus Penicillium. The scientist Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin accidentally, but he was never able to obtain a pure sample of the organism; however, he did find that penicillin was potent against bacterial growth.Full Answer >
It is possible to overdose on penicillin. Taking more than the recommended dosage of the antibiotic, which is commonly used to treat bacterial infections like ear infections and respiratory infections, can cause adverse health effects.Full Answer >