Penicillin attacks the bacteria that causes infection, as noted by Medical News Today. The antibiotic originates from fungi and is usually the first used in treating bacterial infections.Know More
Bacteria survive by creating walls around itself that protect it from attack by medication. Penicillin is able to penetrate the bacteria's walls and kill it. In time, bacteria can start to produce beta-lactamase. The beta-lactamase helps to make the bacteria more resistant to penicillin. It is because of this, beta-lactamase inhibitors are usually prescribed with the penicillin. The inhibitors helps to counter the effect of the beta-lactamase which leaves the bacteria vulnerable to the penicillin.
Before the discovery of penicillin, bacterial infections could prove to be deadly. Scientist Alexander Fleming accidentally discovered the antibiotic, in 1928. The discovery led to a dramatic decrease in the number of people who were dying from bacterial infections.
Most people who receive penicillin do not endure side effects. For those people who do, diarrhea and rashes are most common. Rare side effects include convulsions and hepatitis. Rare side effects tend to occur in less than one percent of penicillin users. Other prescription drugs, such as allopurinol and oral contraceptives, can impact the effects of the penicillin. Penicillin can also weaken the contraceptives and make them less effective.Learn more about Medications & Vitamins
Penicillin treats different illnesses by preventing the spread of bacteria, according to MedicineNet. It treats such ailments as middle ear infections, laryngitis, bronchitis and urinary tract infections.Full Answer >
Penicillin is an antibiotic used to treat many different types of bacterial infections. There also are different types of penicillin, such as penicillin V and G, that are administered for conditions such as leptospirosis and Lyme disease, notes Mayo Clinic. From its discovery in 1928 by Alexander Fleming, penicillin's importance in medicine cannot be understated.Full Answer >
Although penicillin does not necessarily go bad, it should not be taken past its expiry date as it will lose effectiveness with time, according to Mayo Clinic. When doctors prescribe penicillin, patients need to take the full course of the antibiotics to clear up the infection completely. If a dosage is missed, the patient should take it as soon as possible but should not double the dose.Full Answer >
It is possible to overdose on penicillin. Taking more than the recommended dosage of the antibiotic, which is commonly used to treat bacterial infections like ear infections and respiratory infections, can cause adverse health effects.Full Answer >