KidsHealth explains that some people bruise more easily than others because of differences in the toughness of the skin tissue, the presence of certain diseases or conditions and the effects of some medications. Blood vessels also usually become fragile over time, which is why older people tend to bruise more easily.Know More
MedicineNet says on WebMD that the type of injury necessary to cause a bruise varies with age. Children often do not get bruised easily whereas elderly people experience extensive bruising, or ecchymosis, from minor bumps and scrapes. Sometimes they even bruise without prior injury. Certain medications also contribute to the amount of bruising as they interfere with blood clotting, resulting in more bleeding into the skin or tissues. Common medications associated with bruising include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen, naproxen and aspirin.
Warfarin is a medication that prevents clotting in patients with blood clots in their heart or legs, and it causes severe bruising, especially when taken in high levels, notes MedicineNet. Cortisone medications also lead to bruising as they increase the fragility of small blood vessels in the skin. Genetic clotting problems, such as hemophilia, and acquired clotting problems, such as liver diseases, also cause people to develop extensive bruising or even fatal bleeding.Learn more about Wounds & Bruises
To heal a bruise, WebMD recommends incorporating a mixture of treatments, including applying ice to the affected area, compressing the bruise with an elastic bandage, massaging the area if possible to encourage blood flow and elevating the injury above the level of the heart. Topical treatments such as witch hazel and arnica are also known to aid the healing process.Full Answer >
To care for a bruise naturally, rest and protect the affected area, apply ice or compression and elevate the bruised limb, according to WebMD. Massaging the bruise gently can alleviate pain and promote blood flow.Full Answer >
When bruising occurs, the skin often turns red immediately, but the injury doesn't turn black or purple for one to two days, according to KidsHealth. Most bruises take about two weeks to fade and go through several color changes, becoming less tender as they heal.Full Answer >
A hematoma is a more solid, three-dimensional collection of blood that has escaped the blood vessels, while a bruise is a flatter collection of escaped blood, according to MedicineNet. Other names for a bruise are contusion and ecchymosis, which is a very large bruise, reports MedlinePlus.Full Answer >