The sigmoid colon is the last section of the large intestine, right before the rectum, states WebMD. A perforation is a hole in the gastrointestinal system. Thus, a perforated sigmoid colon is a hole that develops in this section of the large intestine. It is a life-threatening surgical emergency.Know More
Symptoms of a bowel perforation include severe abdominal pain, chills, fever, nausea and vomiting, according to MedlinePlus. The perforation allows intestinal contents to leak into the abdominal cavity, resulting in peritonitis. This severe infection causes many of the symptoms associated with the condition.
A bowel perforation is diagnosed based on a thorough history and physical in conjunction with an abdominal X-ray or CT scan, explains Amber J. Tresca for About.com. The abdomen is usually rigid and painful to touch. An X-ray may show free air in the abdominal cavity. A CT scan is especially useful because it can show the exact location of the hole. A CBC may show a high white blood cell count, notes MedlinePlus.
Treatment of a perforation almost always involves surgery to repair the hole, according to MedlinePlus. A colostomy may be required temporarily to allow the intestine to heal. If part of the intestine has begun to die, it is removed. Rarely, the hole closes on its own, requiring only antibiotics for treatment.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues
A colostomy is a surgical opening in the abdominal wall, through which one end of the colon, or large intestine, is brought to create a stoma. The colostomy provides a new route for stool out of the body in response to a medical condition, notes the American Cancer SocietyFull Answer >
Reversing a colostomy requires surgery where the surgeon takes the end of the colon that feeds into the colostomy bag and reattaches it to the remaining section of colon within the body, according to NHS Choices. Both loop and end colostomies can be reversed.Full Answer >
A colonoscopy is an exam that gives the physician the ability to observe the large intestine, which includes the rectum and colon. This exam can locate ailments, including colon polyps, bleeding, inflammation, tumors and ulcers, reports WebMD.Full Answer >
The colon, also referred to as the large intestine, removes excess nutrients to form stools and transports this product to the rectum. This organ is part of the digestive system and is essential in the removal of waste.Full Answer >