Most women experience painful periods when the womb's muscular wall contracts and presses against the blood vessels, which, in turn, restricts the flow of oxygen to the womb, causing pain that can spread to the back and thighs. Women in their 30s and 40s may experience pain because of different conditions in the pelvis and the womb. Painful periods are common in teenagers, and they tend to get less painful as a person grows older, as stated by Patient.Know More
Pain starts when bleeding begins and can last for 48 to 72 hours. It may occur when the womb's wall contracts and presses against the nearby vessels, which restricts the supply of oxygen to the womb and causes pain. Pain that is caused by problems in the pelvis and the womb is referred to as secondary dysmenorrhea.
Some research claims that up to 90 percent of women experience pain during their menstrual periods, as stated by the NHS. Each woman may be affected differently, making it hard to categorize period pain. Pain that is not caused by problems in the womb or pelvis is called primary dysmenorrhea, and tends to get better as a person gets older.
Fortunately, painful periods can be treated at home without seeking medical attention since they are natural. A person can take a hot bath to get rid of the pain. Paracetamol can be used to relieve the pain. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen, also help in easing the pain. A person can visit a doctor if the pain becomes severe and interferes with their normal activities.Learn more about Menstruation
Pre-existing conditions such as stress, fibroids and endometriosis can cause spotting between periods or it could be implantation bleeding. Spotting before a period is not normal and could be an indication of an underlying health condition. Spotting during ovulation can be normal, but a gynecologist must make that determination.Full Answer >
The longest normal time between periods is 35 days. Although it is abnormal for periods to occur more than 35 days apart, there are exceptions when this is considered normal.Full Answer >
Dark brown blood between periods is almost always harmless and can be a result of ovulation, blood leftover from a period, pregnancy or stress. What to Expect suggests keeping a journal to track a period and any additional bleeding between periods in order to help determine the cause of any unexpected bleeding.Full Answer >
Stress plays a large role in irregular or missed periods in many women, according to Everyday Health. Stress suppresses the function of the hypothalamus, which controls the pituitary gland, and disturbances to the pituitary gland can cause disruption in the thyroid and adrenal glands, which control the menstrual cycle and hormone management. Because of this, both good and bad stresses can have a negative effect on the period, causing it to stop.Full Answer >