Cornell University Law School states that the term "competence" applies to an individual who is legally "capable of entering into a binding contract, transferring assets, or participating in a legal proceeding." According to LGCSC Legal, different states have their own assessment procedures that they use to determine an individuals' mental competence and capacity and which rights are able to be removed from an individual who is classified as mentally incompetent.Know More
According to Alec Buchanan, PhD MD, in his National Library of Medicine article "Mental capacity, legal competence and consent to treatment," when a patient refuses medical treatment, those wishes are required to be respected under U.K., U.S. and Canadian law unless the patient can be shown to be not legally competent.
Buchanan states that the mental capacity required for legal competence increases or decreases depending on the seriousness of what is at stake, and so legal competence is specific to the task at hand. Legal competence requires the mental capacities to "reason and deliberate, hold appropriate values and goals, appreciate one's circumstances, understand information one is given, and communicate a choice."
Buchanan explains that because laws recognize that mental capacity is a constant quality that can change over time and present to a greater or lesser extent, medical procedures that require consent over long periods of time often require repeated assessments to ensure that the legal mental capacity of a patient remains the same and that no legal rights are being withheld or mishandled.
Cornell University explains that there are legal standards through which those who are mentally ill can be forced to receive treatment against their will. Because involuntary commitment severely infringes on a person's right to be free from government restraint and the right to not be unnecessarily confined, statutes for involuntary commitment are subject to the due process clause of the 14th Amendment.Learn more in Mental Health
An anxiety attack, or panic attack, feels like an irrational or intense fear that suddenly overwhelms an individual in situations where people normally do not feel threatened, explains Helpguide.org. The unreasonable fear is often accompanied by emotional symptoms, such as difficulty in focusing and becoming apprehensive or dreadful.Full Answer >
An individual with dissociative identity disorder, or DID, may experience emotional and neurological symptoms such as depression, memory loss, anxiety attacks, delusions, suicidal thoughts, eating disorders, headaches and substance abuse, reports the National Alliance on Mental Illness, or NAMI. DID is often referred to as multiple or split personality disorder because the individual shifts between different personality states with distinct identities and behavioral patterns.Full Answer >
A PTSD test is an evaluation to see whether or not an individual has a condition known as post-traumatic stress disorder, states Mayo Clinic. The test usually involves a thorough psychological evaluation.Full Answer >
Dr. Patrick J. McGrath for AboutKidsHealth notes that an individual can overcome his fear of needles by altering the way he thinks about injections, utilizing images and pictures to counter the phobia and handling real syringes for practice. He should also discuss his fear with a nurse or doctor before actually getting a shot.Full Answer >