During a physical exam, women undergo an inspection of their genitalia, which includes a Pap smear, a visual scan of the vagina, vulva and nipples, and a physical search for lumps in the breast tissues, according to WebMD. Doctors also test their blood, urine and vital signs.Know More
Pap smears and human papillomavirus tests screen for the presence of abnormal cells in the cervix, which may indicate the existence or risk of developing cervical cancer, as noted by WebMD. A woman's physical examination of her breasts is conducted by feeling around the breast tissue and the surrounding lymph nodes in the underarms to detect the presence of lumps or enlarged lymph glands. The appearance of the nipples is also analyzed to rule out any signs of breast cancer.
In addition to these exams, a nurse takes note of a woman's weight, height, blood pressure, heart rate, temperature and respiration rate. A doctor is likely to use a stethoscope to listen to a woman's lungs and heartbeat to rule out any congestion or heart defects. A doctor should perform various additional tests to assess a woman's neurological and sensory functioning, according to WebMD. Women should also have their abdomens analyzed to test for enlarged organs, and they should undergo an examination of their throat, eyes, ears, thyroid, tonsils, teeth, tongue, sinuses and carotid artery.Learn more about Women's Health
When the speculum is inserted into the vagina, patients will typically feel discomfort and pain can be expected; however, pain after a pelvic exam is more prominent and intense if the patient has a vaginal infection, as reported by WebMD. Since the metal speculum is hard and cold, it may also be the cause of the discomfort, which is why most medical professionals tend to warm the speculum first with water, and apply lubrication before inserting the speculum into the vagina. To avoid discomfort and pain, patients need to be relaxed during the pelvic exam, and so, most medical experts recommend taking the time to become acquainted with the health professional beforehand.Full Answer >
Cervical prolapse, more commonly known as uterine prolapse, is a condition in which the pelvic floor muscles loosen to the point in which the uterus slides down into the vagina, according to Mayo Clinic. In extreme cases, the uterus can actually protrude through the vagina.Full Answer >
A pessary is a soft, flexible device placed in the vagina to support the bladder, vagina, uterus or rectum to treat pelvic organ prolapse and incontinence. Pessaries are made in many different shapes and sizes, including a ring shape, according to Brigham and Women's Hospital.Full Answer >
Mayo Clinic describes the symptoms of a yeast infection as itching in the vagina and vulva, a burning sensation during urination or intercourse, swelling of the vulva, vaginal pain and soreness and a thick, cottage cheese-like discharge. Most yeast infections can be treated with over-the-counter products.Full Answer >