Q:

What does PMS mean?

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Quick Answer

PMS is premenstrual syndrome, a condition that affects menstruating women and is characterized by a variety of physical and psychological symptoms that appear from ovulation to the onset of menstrual flow, according to MedicineNet. Approximately 90 percent of women suffer from PMS symptoms at some point in their lives.

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What does PMS mean?
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Mayo Clinic states that the symptoms of PMS recur in a predictable pattern and are at their worst during sufferers' late 20s and early 30s. Psychological or mood-related symptoms include irritability, anxiety and depression, and physical symptoms include headache, fatigue and breast tenderness. Women who find that PMS seriously disrupts their health and daily activities and who cannot manage its symptoms through lifestyle changes should seek medical assistance.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is PMSing?

    A:

    "PMS" stands for "premenstrual syndrome." The symptoms of PMS occur in women one to two weeks prior to her period, says Women's Health magazine. Common symptoms of PMS include bloating, breast tenderness, cramping, fatigue and irritability.

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  • Q:

    How long does PMS last?

    A:

    According to WebMD, PMS symptoms last as long as seven days. These symptoms usually begin about five days before a woman's period and continue for two days after the period begins.

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  • Q:

    Why are women moody during PMS?

    A:

    Dr. Christina Hibbert explains that during the last two weeks of a woman's menstrual cycle, called the luteal phase, estrogen levels in the body drop when the brain receives confirmation that a woman did not become pregnant in the first two weeks of her cycle, known as the follicular phase. This drop in hormone levels causes some women to experience negative moods, thinking, perception, anxiety and stress.

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  • Q:

    How do you get through PMS depression?

    A:

    To treat depression related to a woman's menstrual cycle, MedlinePlus recommends making healthy lifestyle changes to improve fitness and dietary habits, such as engaging in frequent physical activity and eating a diet full of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Caffeine, alcohol, sugar and salt are all known to exacerbate symptoms related to depression. Patients may also seek professional psychological counseling or take antidepressants during the second half of their cycle.

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