Traditional laminectomy involves the creation of a 2- to 6-inch incision in the midline of the back, retracting the left and right back muscles and removing some bone to decompress the spinal cord or nerves, according to Spine-Health. While laminectomy historically required open surgery, advances in technology now allow minimally invasive techniques that result in less muscle damage, less pain and faster recovery periods.Know More
A major drawback of traditional surgery is the damage that occurs when the surgeon retracts the back muscles to allow access to the spine, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Patients who have had open surgery can experience post-operative pain that is different than the type of pain that preceded the operation.
In minimally invasive or less-invasive surgery, a tubular retractor is inserted in the back. This creates a tunnel to the surgical area and holds the muscles apart during the procedure. Bone or disc material can be removed through the retractor. The surgeon uses fluoroscopy to watch real-time x-ray images on a screen during the operation. An operating microscope illuminates and magnifies the area through the retractor. Although minimally invasive surgery is preferable in many cases, some back and neck problems are not yet treatable with this technique, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Bone spurs on the neck are the result of the growth of bone on one or more of the vertebrae in the cervical spine, according to Spine-Health. Known as osteophytes, these smooth bony growths often occur with aging and are more common in people over age 60.Full Answer >
Lumber laminectomy, also known as open decompression or decompression surgery, is a surgical procedure done on the back, notes Spine-health. It involves the removal of a small portion of the spinal bones to create more space for the nerve root. This procedure helps to alleviate pain caused by compressed nerves.Full Answer >
A cervical laminectomy is a surgical procedure done through the back of the neck to relieve pressure on the spine caused by spinal stenosis, states Houston Methodist Orthopedics & Sports Medicine. Spinal stenosis occurs when bone spurs press on the spine or cause the spinal canal to narrow.Full Answer >
Laparoscopic hernia surgery is like other laparoscopic procedures, where the surgeon gives general anesthesia to the patient and makes a tiny incision in or below the navel, according to WebMD. The surgeon enlarges the abdomen with air so she can view the patient’s abdominal organs more clearly.Full Answer >