What is pseudo gout?
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Q:

What is pseudo gout?

A:

Quick Answer

According to Mayo Clinic, pseudogout is considered a type of arthritis identified by sudden swelling and pain in one or more joints. It is called pseudogout due to its similarity to gout.

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Pseudogout is caused by crystals, compromised of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate, forming in the joints and leading to inflammation. Pseudogout lasts for a few days or a few weeks. The knee is typically the most afflicted joint, while wrists and ankles are less often affected by pseudogout. Old age is a factor in the formation of these crystals, with crystals appearing in almost half of individuals over 85. However, Mayo Clinic states that most individuals with crystal formations never show symptoms of pseudogout.

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    Gout is the result of a buildup of uric acid in the body that causes needle-like deposits of urate crystals in the soft tissues or joints in the body, according to the American College of Rheumatology. This condition is often known as the disease of kings because it is associated with an overindulgence in certain foods and beverages. Some medications are also associated with gout attacks.

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    How can your uric acid be normal and you still have gout?

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    Gout results from urate crystals lodging in joints and surrounding tissue, but it is possible for blood tests to show normal uric acid levels even after the body forms these crystals. Confirming gout requires testing fluid from the affected joint to see if the crystals are present, notes WebMD.

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    Gout symptoms can be alleviated at home by applying ice to affected joints in order to reduce swelling, according to WebMD. When icing, always wrap ice in a cloth before using against bare skin, and do not apply for longer than 15 to 20 minutes at a time.

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    How do you treat gout at home?

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    When suffering a gout flare, at-home treatments such as applying ice and resting the joint can help reduce the pain, according to WebMD. Other measures include taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication. Preventative measures for gout include increasing fluid intake and limiting certain foods, fructose-sweetened drinks and alcohol.

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