According to the Mayo Clinic, a coma can be the result of many problems including traumatic brain injuries, stroke, tumors, diabetes, seizures, infections, lack of oxygen, toxins, drugs and alcohol. A coma is a deep state of unconsciousness, in which the patient does not react to the environment around him. The patient shows no reactions to light, sound, pain or other stimuli, nor do they have sleep/wake cycles.Know More
A coma is a serious medical emergency, which, according to Medical News Today, requires immediate action to save the patient and retain brain function. Doctors will then try to determine the cause of the coma through blood tests and imaging scans.
Common causes of coma include: traffic accidents, acts of violence that result in a traumatic brain injury, blood sugar levels fluctuating too high or low in diabetic patients and exposure to toxins such as carbon monoxide and lead. Drowning victims sometimes experience coma due to lack of oxygen to the brain. Encephalitis and meningitis can also cause coma from swelling of the tissues around the brain and brainstem.
If one is feeling drawn to putting oneself in a state of coma, there are people who can help. Call 1-800-442-HOPE (1-800-442-4673 ) to speak to someone who can help cope with these feelings.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Symptoms of mild brain damage from a lack of oxygen, or cerebral hypoxia, include short attention span, poor coordination and faulty judgment, according to MedlinePlus. Signs of more serious cerebral hypoxia are coma, inadequate pupil response to light and suspension of breathing.Full Answer >
Cerebral palsy is a brain disease that sometimes results from a lack of oxygen at birth, states the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Lack of oxygen at birth may also lead to developmental problems, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and vision problems, states Seattle Children's.Full Answer >
Diabetic coma is treated with insulin, intravenous fluids and electrolytes, such as potassium, according to WebMD. Diabetic comas requires hospitalization and may lead to death without treatment.Full Answer >
Doctors bring patients out of medically induced comas by gradually reducing the amount of anesthetic and other drugs in their patients' systems. Generally speaking, medically induced comas are prolonged until patients have reached a level of stability consistent with an increased chance of recovery, according to the Scientific American.Full Answer >