A woman's uterus becomes swollen or enlarged as a result of pregnancy, with the size of the uterus growing from the size of a pear to the size of a watermelon over 40 weeks, according to WebMD. Additional causes for a swollen uterus include uterine fibroids and adenomyosis.Know More
The uterus becomes enlarged or swollen when uterine fibroids are present, especially when the fibroids weigh several pounds. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors within the muscular wall of the uterus, according to WebMD. Women may develop multiple fibroids that vary in size. With uterine fibroids, women often feel pressure in the lower abdomen, experience heavy periods, bleeding between periods, frequent urination, constipation and pain during intercourse, according to WebMD.
Another cause for a swollen or enlarged uterus is adenomyosis, a condition where the uterus thickens and tissue that typically lines the uterus moves into the muscular outer wall, according to WebMD. A growth called an adenomyoma then appears. The cause of adenomyoma development is unknown, though it is more commonly found in women who have undergone uterine surgery or a Cesarean delivery. In addition to an enlarged uterus, women with adenomyosis experience painful, longer periods, heavy bleeding and pain during sexual intercourse.Learn more about Reproductive Anatomy
Fibroids are removed from the uterus by procedures such as focused ultrasound surgery, uterine artery embolization, myolysis or cryomyolysis, and laparoscopic or hysteroscopic myomectomy, according to the Mayo Clinic. They can also be removed via endometrial ablation, abdominal myomectomy and hysterectomy.Full Answer >
According to Dr. W. David Stinson, fundal fibroids are fibroids that are located in the fundus, which is the top of the uterus. While fibroids can be found anywhere in the uterus, fundal fibroids are the type that occur most frequently. Fibroids are the formation of fibrous connective tissues that make up a mass of cells, resulting in a lump or tumor. These tumors are benign.Full Answer >
An inverted or retroverted cervix typically occurs when a woman has a tilted uterus in which the angle of the uterus is abnormal. According to Women's Health Magazine, about 30 percent of women have a tilted uterus, and therefore have an inverted cervix. According to HealthTap, this condition rarely causes complications with pregnancy.Full Answer >
According to Inner Body, the uterus is located behind and slightly above the bladder, centered between the hips in a woman. It is above the cervix and the vagina, according to WebMD. The top of the uterus is connected to the fallopian tubes.Full Answer >