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How do you remove a cyst?

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Quick Answer

An ovarian cyst can be removed through laparoscopic surgery if it is small enough; large cysts or multiple cysts are removed during open surgery. Open surgery may also be required if complications arise during laparoscopic surgery, according to Mount Sinai Hospital.

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Full Answer

During an open surgery procedure, an incision is made in the abdomen, the abdominal muscles are separated and the abdomen is opened. Clamps or ties are used to cut off the blood supply to the ovaries in most cases. The cyst is then surgically removed; sometimes tissue is tested during surgery and if cancer is suspected, the ovaries are removed. The surgeon will then stitch the muscles of the abdomen back together and use staples or stitches to close the incision. The procedure takes up to two hours. Patients are given general anesthesia to block the pain and keep them asleep throughout the process, according to Mount Sinai Hospital.

There are several reasons a doctor may recommend removing an ovarian cyst. Cysts measuring more than 2.5 inches in diameter or that are suspected of being cancerous should generally be removed. Solid cysts and those that cause pain should also be removed, according to Mount Sinai Hospital.

Complications of ovarian cyst removal include infection and bleeding. There is also a possibility that the cyst will return after removal, and certain cysts may require the removal of one or both ovaries along with the cysts. Damage to other organs, infertility and blood clots are also possible complications of ovarian cyst removal.

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