Renal perfusion is a term used to describe blood flow to the kidneys and is commonly assessed with a test called renal scintigraphy. This test helps determine how well blood is delivered to the kidneys and how well the kidneys function, according to Johns Hopkins University.Know More
In the case of renal perfusion assessment, a renal blood flow scan can help find blockages or narrowing of blood flow to the kidneys. This is an important test in cases where a physician wants to rule out renovascular hypertension as a source of disease or if renal transplant rejection is suspected, explains Johns Hopkins University.
The procedure begins by injecting a small amount of radioactive dye into the blood stream. The dye usually consists of iodine or technetium and is processed by the kidneys. Once there, the dye emits radiation, which is picked up by a scanner. The scanner then translates the information into an image, which a physician interprets, according to Johns Hopkins University.
The risks from the procedure are low because of the small amount of dye injected into the patient. Patients who are allergic to the dye or any of its components need to tell their physicians. Women who are pregnant should avoid being exposed to the dye because it can cause harm to the fetus, explains Johns Hopkins University.Learn more about Diagnostics & Imaging
Renal failure, also known as kidney failure, is when the kidneys shut down and require invasive treatment in order to function, reports the American Kidney Fund. Kidney failure can occur slowly over time, or it can occur almost instantly.Full Answer >
eGFR, officially known as estimated glomerular filtration rate, measures how well the kidneys are performing and indicates potential early kidney damage, according to The Renal Foundation. It is a number used in conjunction with a blood test for creatinine.Full Answer >
A kidney function test allows a physician to measure how well a person's kidneys are working to remove wastes from the body, according to the National Kidney Foundation. Kidney function tests are done by collecting blood and urine, or, in some cases, with an imaging machine or with a biopsy.Full Answer >
Kidney function tests determine how effectively the kidneys are removing extra fluid and wastes from the blood, explains the National Kidney Foundation. Urine tests determine the swiftness of waste removal and if the kidneys are allowing anomalous amounts of protein to leak through.Full Answer >