According to the Sjögren's Syndrome Foundation, Sjögren's syndrome (pronounced "SHOW-grins") is a chronic autoimmune disorder in which a person's white blood cells attack the body's own moisture producing glands. As of 2014, 4,000,000 Americans are estimated to suffer from Sjögren's syndrome, according to the University of Utah.Know More
The Sjögren's Syndrome Foundation lists a host of side effects caused by the disease. Possible complications include impaired cognitive function, dry mouth, difficulty speaking and eating, difficulty swallowing, stomach upset and heartburn, dry skin, dry nose and nosebleeds, arthritis and muscle pain, numbness and tingling in the extremities, abnormal liver function, and lung complications. Women with the disorder also experience vaginal dryness and pain during intercourse. The incidence of infection is increased in any of the above mentioned areas, leading to chronic bronchial infection, dental infections and decay, eye infections, autoimmune hepatitis and autoimmune pancreatitis.
As of 2014, there is no cure for Sjögren's syndrome, but there are a number of treatment options to deal with the symptoms of the syndrome, according to the Sjögren’s Syndrome Foundation. Over the counter pain medications and lubricants (such as eye drops) offer some help. A physician can prescribe more robust medications for pain, dry mouth and dry eyes. Some patients receive immunosupressive medications to treat problems with their internal organs. Consulting a physician is crucial to managing Sjögren's syndrome.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
When leukocytes, or white blood cells, are found in urine, it may mean there is a urinary tract infection, according to WebMD. White blood cells in the urine can also be a sign of kidney disease.Full Answer >
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Asperger's syndrome is a form of autism that is expressed through speech and language difficulties and repeated behavior patterns. It is a neurological disease that can be diagnosed during early childhood development, usually by age 2 if testing is done, although many children are not diagnosed until they begin to socialize with other children.Full Answer >
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD) syndrome is a regional pain condition characterized by a burning pain, tenderness, inflammation of an extremity, shiny skin, discoloration and flushing. Although the cause of RSD syndrome is not well understood, some experts believe that the excitation or irritation of nervous tissue leads to abnormal nerve impulses which in turn affect skin tissue and blood vessels, according to MedicineNet.Full Answer >
According to Mayo Clinic, Down syndrome occurs in three variations and is caused by additional genetic material from chromosome 21. Cell division errors cause the chromosome abnormalities. The majority of Down syndrome cases, approximately 95 percent, are trisomy 21, which results from three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two copies.Full Answer >