The Harvard School of Public Health explains that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables contains several benefits, including lowering blood pressure, reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke, preventing some types of cancer, lowering the risk of eye conditions, alleviating digestive problems and having a positive effect upon blood sugar. The school also notes a link to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
The United States Department of Agriculture also reports that eating fruit reduces the risk of heart disease, obesity and type 2 diabetes in addition to lowering the risk of developing kidney stones and helping to decrease bone loss. Furthermore, eating fresh fruit helps people who want to watch their calorie intake since many fruits have a lower calorie count when compared to other foods.
The USDA reports many of the same benefits when it comes to vegetables and notes that vegetables contain many nutrients, including potassium, dietary fiber, folic acid, vitamin A and vitamin C. The USDA also explains that both fruits and vegetables are rich sources of vitamin C, which grows and repairs body tissues, helps heal cuts and wounds, keeps teeth and gums healthy and aids the body in the absorption of iron.