According to the Human Diseases and Conditions website, sinus infections, or sinusitis, are not contagious. However, the viruses and bacteria that cause colds, flu, and respiratory infections, which in turn cause sinusitis, can be spread and transmitted.Know More
Sinusitis is the result of a blocked sinus caused by rhinitis, a cold, nasal polyps or a deviated septum. According to WebMD, around 37 million Americans get sinusitis at least once a year. Acute sinusitis symptoms include nasal discharge and stuffiness, pressure and pain in the face and teeth, cough, and chest congestion. Additionally, sinusitis can be diagnosed if an individual has thick green or yellow nasal discharge.
Antibiotics are used to treat sinusitis caused by bacterial infections. Viral sinusitis has no specific treatment, according to the Human Diseases and Conditions website. The American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery advises patients to contact a doctor if they experience three or more symptoms of sinusitis, especially if the illness lasts for 10 to 14 days or if bacterial sinusitis is suspected in a child since the symptoms are similar to flu and cold symptoms. To prevent sinusitis, the AAO-HNS also recommends using an oral or nasal spray decongestant, keeping properly hydrated, avoiding air travel and using antihistamines and prescription nasal sprays to control allergy symptoms.Learn more about Cold & Flu
Sinus problems, such as acute or chronic sinusitis, can cause nausea, according to Mayo Clinic. Sinusitis can also cause pain in the ear, aching around the teeth and upper jaw and bad breath.Full Answer >
Amoxicillin is a great choice for treating sinus infections and carries few side effects, according to WebMD. Patients that previously had mononucleosis should not take the drug; trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is often recommended to patients allergic to amoxicillin.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, sinus infections can last for weeks if they go untreated. Sinus infections typically have symptoms similar to colds, but symptoms lasting for more than 10 days may be indicative of a sinus infection. Sinus infections are diagnosed through a physical exam and a review of medical history.Full Answer >
Fungal infections of the sinuses are serious conditions that often require surgery to eliminate, according to The Merck Manual Home Edition. While fungi exist normally in the environment and in the nasal cavity, a fungal infection causes significant inflammation of the nasal and sinus cavities.Full Answer >