Numerous possible causes for lumps in any part of the neck include enlarged lymph nodes, cysts, infections and thyroid gland swelling, according to MedlinePlus. Lumps are sometimes indicative of various types of cancer, though most lumps in children and adults are benign.Know More
A person of any age with a lump in the neck should see a doctor right away to determine the cause, reports MedlinePlus. Enlarged lymph nodes are the most common types of lumps in the neck, and they can be caused by bacterial infections, such as strep throat or tonsillitis, or by viral infections, such as HIV/AIDS or herpes. Cancers such as Hodgkin disease, leukemia or non-Hodgkin lymphoma can also cause the lymph nodes to swell. If lumps are just below the surface of the skin, it is likely a type of cyst.
A doctor may run a series of tests or refer a patient to an ear, nose and throat specialist, or ENT, for testing to determine an accurate diagnosis, explains Healthline. These tests may include a blood count, HIV test, X-rays and tissue sampling. Treatment for a lump in the neck varies depending on the condition causing it. For example, bacterial infections are typically treated with antibiotics, but more severe conditions such as cancers may require surgery or radiation treatments.Learn more about Pain & Symptoms
A lump in the neck can signal several medical conditions, such as enlarged lymph nodes due to a bacterial or viral infection, acne, autoimmune disease, thyroid disorder, tonsillitis, sebaceous cysts, allergies or cancer, according to Healthline. Doctors can diagnose neck lumps according to the existence of accompanying symptoms.Full Answer >
Lymph glands, or lymph nodes, normally have a pea size, according to WebMD. These lumps of tissue consist of white blood cells and exist in various parts of the body.Full Answer >
A lump on the lower lip is referred to as a mucocoele, mucocele or mucous cyst, which is caused by saliva escaping the surrounding tissue and forming a fluid-filled lump, notes DermNet NZ. In most instances, a mucocoele forms on the lower lip but can also appear inside the mouth.Full Answer >
A lump on the middle of the lower spine could be symptomatic of osteomyelitis (a bone infection usually accompanied by pain and inflammation), an abscess (if the lump is on the skin as opposed to the actual vertebra beneath), a bone spur (additional bone growth leading to pain) or a spinal tumor, according to WebMD. Spinal tumors are caused by excessive cell-growth and, while they can often be benign, should be checked by a medical professional.Full Answer >