According to the John Hopkins Lupus Center, the presence of squamous epithelial cells in a urine sample often indicates that the sample was contaminated. However, epithelial cells can also indicate urogenital problems, including infections, inflammation and malignancies, as Lab Tests Online explains. Typically, doctors report the extent of squamous epithelial cells in a urine specimen as few, moderate or many, based on microscopic examination.Know More
Besides squamous epithelial cells, many other types of epithelial cells may be present in urine. Lab Tests Online points out that determining the type of epithelial cells present in a urine sample can help the doctor determine whether the cells are originating from the bladder, urethra, kidneys or elsewhere.
Squamous epithelial cells occur in many different parts of the body, and serve to cover a given structure or cavity. Though they are often thought of as skin cells, they can actually be found covering many layers of the human body, both inside and out. Squamous epithelial cells are flat as opposed to cube-shaped, and may or may not have a nucleus. According to About.com, squamous cells are sometimes involved in cancer. For example, squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer that afflicts the mouth.Learn more about Diagnostics & Imaging
According to the Mayo Clinic, a high level of epithelial cells that are revealed in a urinalysis sample can be an indication of a tumor. More commonly, a high count of these cells in a urine test indicates that the urine sample has been contaminated.Full Answer >
During a first visit to a urologist, a physician evaluates a patient's condition and may run tests such as a urinalysis, X-rays as well as blood and ultrasound tests to make a diagnosis. According to the Department of Urology of the University of Florida, patients may be asked to present to the office with a full bladder for a urine specimen.Full Answer >
Mucus can appear in a urinalysis due to mucus in urine. This can be due to bacterial infections, irritable bowl syndrome, STDs, urachal cancer, ulcerative colitis and kidney stones, states Health Medicine.Full Answer >
During a prostate or urological exam, patients can expect to provide a urine sample, fill out a detailed medical history form, answer questions from the physician, submit to physical examination and discuss treatment options with the doctor, according to North Shore-LIJ. Experts advise men to solicit a urological exam by the age of 40, as reported by Everyday Health.Full Answer >