According to the John Hopkins Lupus Center, the presence of squamous epithelial cells in a urine sample often indicates that the sample was contaminated. However, epithelial cells can also indicate urogenital problems, including infections, inflammation and malignancies, as Lab Tests Online explains. Typically, doctors report the extent of squamous epithelial cells in a urine specimen as few, moderate or many, based on microscopic examination.Know More
Besides squamous epithelial cells, many other types of epithelial cells may be present in urine. Lab Tests Online points out that determining the type of epithelial cells present in a urine sample can help the doctor determine whether the cells are originating from the bladder, urethra, kidneys or elsewhere.
Squamous epithelial cells occur in many different parts of the body, and serve to cover a given structure or cavity. Though they are often thought of as skin cells, they can actually be found covering many layers of the human body, both inside and out. Squamous epithelial cells are flat as opposed to cube-shaped, and may or may not have a nucleus. According to About.com, squamous cells are sometimes involved in cancer. For example, squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer that afflicts the mouth.Learn More
Ultrasounds are generally regarded as safer than x-rays because they don't use ionizing radiation, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. However, while no known health risks are in play as of 2014, the FDA reports concerns about tissue heating and fetal exposure to multiple ultrasounds.Full Answer >
The Venefit procedure, formerly known as the VNUS closure procedure, is a minimally invasive medical treatment for varicose veins that involves using a radiofrequency ablation catheter to close diseased leg veins. The procedure is usually performed in a doctor's office or outpatient clinic under local anesthesia, according to Venefit.Full Answer >
A bone density test is very similar to an X-ray where the person undergoing the test lies on a padded platform, and a mechanical arm moves over them, according to Mayo Clinic. The test takes from 10 to 30 minutes, and radiation output is lower than a chest X-ray.Full Answer >
You can obtain free medial advice online from professional doctors at sites such as ZocDoc.com, EHealthForum.com, WebMD.com and MedHelp.org. Simply describe your problem or concerns in detail, and a medical professional or expert on one of these sites answers your unique inquiry as soon as they can. In addition, the information you provide is not linked with your personal information in any way, and you can also browse the answers on the site that other users received for additional insight.Full Answer >