Excessive drooling can be controlled with medications such as glycopyrrolate, scopolamine and botulinum toxin A injections, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. If these do not work and drooling is severe, surgical procedures such as denervation of the salivary glands or salivary gland excision may be an option.Know More
Excessive drooling, medically referred to as sialorrhea, is a common problem in children with neurological conditions such as mental retardation and cerebral palsy. The salivary glands produce almost 1.5 liters of saliva per day, notes the American Academy of Family Physicians. Poor saliva control can lead to severe daily and nightly dysfunction.
Before pharmacologic or surgical therapy is considered, it is necessary to find the cause of excessive salivation. In the elderly who use dentures, a poor fitting or broken teeth may cause saliva to escape the mouth, leading to poor control of oral secretions. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is an important cause of increased salivation; treating it may relieve hyper salivation, explains Mayo Clinic. Infectious causes including rabies, syphilis and tuberculosis have also been shown to increase salivation. Other causes that cause increased salivation at night are medications. Clonazepam, clozapine, pilocarpine and certain anti-Parkinson’s drugs have been known to cause excessive salivation as a side effect.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Possible causes of skin rashes include allergic reactions, exposure to poison ivy or poison sumac, shingles and measles, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. A ring of red, itchy skin may be caused by ringworm, a fungus that is common in children.Full Answer >
A low MCV indicates that the red blood cells are microcytic and are smaller than average with a volume of less than 80 femtoliters, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. The most common cause of a low mean corpuscular volume in the United States is iron deficiency anemia.Full Answer >
Bleeding after the menstrual period is often a matter of imbalanced hormones, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. In some cases, birth control, polyps, polycystic ovary syndrome and certain types of cancer alter the body's hormonal balance, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
Medicare uses different CPT codes than commercial insurance for some procedures, claims The American Academy of Family Physicians. Medical codes are complex, and thousands of codes for different procedures and payers exist.Full Answer >