Excessive drooling can be controlled with medications such as glycopyrrolate, scopolamine and botulinum toxin A injections, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. If these do not work and drooling is severe, surgical procedures such as denervation of the salivary glands or salivary gland excision may be an option.Know More
Excessive drooling, medically referred to as sialorrhea, is a common problem in children with neurological conditions such as mental retardation and cerebral palsy. The salivary glands produce almost 1.5 liters of saliva per day, notes the American Academy of Family Physicians. Poor saliva control can lead to severe daily and nightly dysfunction.
Before pharmacologic or surgical therapy is considered, it is necessary to find the cause of excessive salivation. In the elderly who use dentures, a poor fitting or broken teeth may cause saliva to escape the mouth, leading to poor control of oral secretions. Gastroesophageal reflux disease is an important cause of increased salivation; treating it may relieve hyper salivation, explains Mayo Clinic. Infectious causes including rabies, syphilis and tuberculosis have also been shown to increase salivation. Other causes that cause increased salivation at night are medications. Clonazepam, clozapine, pilocarpine and certain anti-Parkinson’s drugs have been known to cause excessive salivation as a side effect.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Proper management of minor injuries of the foot and scrupulous and diligent foot care are key to preventing the formation of diabetic foot ulcers, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. The patient or patient’s caretaker should undertake a visual inspection of the feet on a daily basis.Full Answer >
Nonsurgical treatments such as medications, lifestyle changes, physical therapy and other remedies ameliorate the pain from knee arthritis, notes the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Surgical options include cartilage grafting, synovectomy, osteotomy, and either partial or total replacement of the knee joint.Full Answer >
Nocturnal leg cramps can be relieved by stretching and massaging the muscle, or by taking a warm shower, explains WebMD. Future leg cramps can be prevented by limiting alcohol intake, drinking plenty of water, increasing exercise slowly and stretching the legs before bedtime.Full Answer >
Possible causes of skin rashes include allergic reactions, exposure to poison ivy or poison sumac, shingles and measles, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians. A ring of red, itchy skin may be caused by ringworm, a fungus that is common in children.Full Answer >