Large blood clots in the legs can cause symptoms such as leg redness and warmth, leg swelling, and leg pain that worsens when standing up or walking, according to ClotCare. While blood clots located below the knee are unlikely to cause complications, clots that start or extend above the knee sometimes break away, travel through the blood and block blood vessels in the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism.Know More
As ClotCare explains, a pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition. Symptoms include difficulty breathing, shortness of breath and chest pain. Immediate medical treatment is required.
Factors that increase the risk of getting a blood clot in the legs include prolonged immobility and bed rest, obesity, varicose veins, cancer, major injuries, long-distance travel, estrogen replacement therapy, and pregnancy and child birth. ClotCare notes that the odds of getting a blood clot in the legs increases as a person ages and doubles with every decade of life over the age of 40. Additionally, some people are genetically prone to develop blood clots.
To prevent blood clots in the legs, ClotCare recommends exercising the legs regularly, maintaining a healthy body weight, avoiding lying in bed or sitting for extended periods of time, and avoiding overly tight, restrictive clothing.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases
Symptoms of a blood clot in the calf, also known as deep vein thrombosis, include swelling, pain and tenderness, especially with standing or movement, and warmth or redness in the affected leg, according to WebMD. The leg may also be discolored, have visible surface veins and fatigue easily.Full Answer >
Symptoms of blood clots in the legs may include cramps or Charley horses. The affected leg may swell and be painful, tender or warm to the touch with bluish or reddish discoloration, according to National Blood Clot Alliance. All blood clots require prompt medical evaluation and treatment.Full Answer >
Neutropenia itself does not cause symptoms, but patients with the condition can become severely ill due to even minor infections. Most patients discover they have neutropenia from a blood test or after an infection develops, says the American Society of Clinical Oncology.Full Answer >
Some kidney blockages won't cause symptoms; however, Merck Manuals notes that gastrointestinal symptoms like nausea and pain are possible if hydronephrosis occurs. Hydronepherosis is the medical term for a distended kidney that is caused when urine backs up behind the blockage. This causes pressure in the kidney, which can lead to loss of kidney function in the affected kidney.Full Answer >