Large blood clots in the legs can cause symptoms such as leg redness and warmth, leg swelling, and leg pain that worsens when standing up or walking, according to ClotCare. While blood clots located below the knee are unlikely to cause complications, clots that start or extend above the knee sometimes break away, travel through the blood and block blood vessels in the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism.Know More
As ClotCare explains, a pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition. Symptoms include difficulty breathing, shortness of breath and chest pain. Immediate medical treatment is required.
Factors that increase the risk of getting a blood clot in the legs include prolonged immobility and bed rest, obesity, varicose veins, cancer, major injuries, long-distance travel, estrogen replacement therapy, and pregnancy and child birth. ClotCare notes that the odds of getting a blood clot in the legs increases as a person ages and doubles with every decade of life over the age of 40. Additionally, some people are genetically prone to develop blood clots.
To prevent blood clots in the legs, ClotCare recommends exercising the legs regularly, maintaining a healthy body weight, avoiding lying in bed or sitting for extended periods of time, and avoiding overly tight, restrictive clothing.Learn More
Symptoms of a blood clot that require immediate attention include squeezing pain in the center of the chest; weakness or numbness of the face, arm or leg; and sudden difficulty speaking, according to Mayo Clinic. For a blood clot in an arm or leg, swelling, numbness and pain are symptoms.Full Answer >
Blood clot symptoms vary depending on whether they're venous or arterial, according to MedicineNet. Venous clots usually occur in the arms or legs. Their symptoms include swelling, warmth, redness and pain at the site of the clot. Arterial clots produce symptoms that depend on the clot's location.Full Answer >
A blood clot in the leg, known as deep vein thrombosis or DVT, makes the leg tender, painful and swollen. It can be hard to walk around on the leg if the blood clot has damaged the vessel's valves, according to WebMD. The leg may be warm to the touch or discolored. DVT can also have no symptoms at all, according to the Indiana Hemophilia and Thrombosis Treatment Center.Full Answer >
Blood clots can be removed several ways. In cases such as a blood clot in the hand, thrombolytics, medicines that dissolve blood clots, are the best option, says the American Society of Hematology.Full Answer >