The National Cancer Institute explains that pain and swelling in the hip are common symptoms of bone cancer. Bone cancer starts in the bone, and it destroys normal bone tissue. It also has the ability to grow and spread.Know More
Bone cancer is not a common form of cancer. As of 2014, The National Cancer Institute states bone cancer accounts for less than 1 percent of all cancers in the United States. Common tests used in the diagnosis of bone cancer include bone scans, X-rays, MRIs, CT scans, biopsies and blood tests. Bone cancer does not have an identified cause; however the American Cancer Society explains that risk factors of bone cancer include bone marrow transplants, having been exposed to ionizing radiation, genetics and Paget’s disease.
The National Cancer Institute explains the treatments of bone cancer depend on the location and size of the cancerous tumor. Surgery may be performed to remove the cancer, or the cancerous limb may be amputated. Surgery is the treatment that is most often used if the cancer has not spread. In addition to surgery, cryosurgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are used in treatment. As of 2014, the National Cancer Institute states there are 2,300 new cases diagnosed each year.Learn more about Cancer
Individuals with bone cancer typically feel deep, aching pain in the bones of the pelvis, back, arms, legs or ribs that often starts off gradually and becomes more persistent as the cancer develops, according to Cancer Treatment Centers of America. Swelling or lumps may also accompany localized pain.Full Answer >
According to Cancer Research UK, more than 40 percent of men and over 50 percent of women with primary bone cancer live for longer than five years after the initial diagnosis and treatment. Cancer can always recur, which is why doctors and researchers focus on the five year survival statistics.Full Answer >
As of 2014, the causes of bone cancer are not clearly defined, according to the National Cancer Institute. However, several risk factors have been identified, including having a family history of bone defects.Full Answer >
The exact causes of most bone cancers are unknown as of 2014, according to the American Cancer Society. Risk factors such as inherited genetic mutations, exposure to radiation, multiple exostoses syndrome and Paget disease may contribute to the development of bone cancer.Full Answer >