According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, symptoms of a bruised shoulder bone include swelling, pain and limited joint range. Additional symptoms include weak muscles surrounding the shoulder bone and a pool of blood that forms over the injury, commonly referred to as a hematoma.Know More
The University of Minnesota Medical Center explains that it is important for individuals suffering from shoulder contusions to seek immediate medical assistance if there is a large amount of bruising or if the injury swells rapidly. Shoulder bone contusions can take up to six weeks to heal. Severe shoulder bone contusions are treated with slings or shoulder immobilizers.
According to WebMD, additional symptoms that may accompany a bruised shoulder bone include pinched nerves, tingling fingers, limited range of motion and cold hands. Home treatments for bruised shoulder bones include rest, protecting the injured area and applying ice to minimize pain and swelling. Massaging the skin surrounding the bruise can help to minimize swelling and increase blood flow. While it may cause discomfort, it is always a good idea for individuals with shoulder injuries to do their best to exercise uninjured areas of the arm or shoulder in order to maintain healthy muscle tone. It is also helpful to elevate the injured area while resting and applying ice. If a splint is required for treatment, it should be kept dry at all times.Learn more about Wounds & Bruises
The medical term for a bruised nail is subungual hematoma. A bruised nail occurs due to some nail injury or trauma that leads to bleeding under the nail, states WebMD. The nail tends to become dark, and pain and inflammation are the main symptoms associated with this type of injury.Full Answer >
Bruised ribs cause pain whenever the person takes a breath. There may also be swelling around the injury, and the area is often tender to touch. Bruised ribs are often caused by a strong impact directly to the rib cage.Full Answer >
Bruised veins in the legs result from blunt-forced trauma, coagulopathy, hemorrhages, blood infection, fractures and vein injuries. MedicineNet explains that the elderly often experience bruising in the legs after taking anticoagulants, such as Warfarin. This anticoagulant, which is commercially recognized as Coumadin, is prescribed for patients who have experienced previous clotting in the legs. Cortisone medicines also contribute to bruising, as they increase the fragility of small capillaries.Full Answer >
Sportsinjuryclinic.net reports that bruised kneecaps, also known as knee contusions, can be treated using the PRICE principles: protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation. Severe contusions can require medical attention but generally heal using the same treatments over longer periods of time.Full Answer >